SciTech Now Episode 9

Episode nine of SciTech Now brings you the latest breakthroughs in science, technology and innovation. We step into a world-renowned research lab pushing the boundaries of women in science, we take a swim with the snot otter, we learn how big data is shaping our lives, and take a look at robotics in the wild.

TRANSCRIPT

> COMING UP, A WORLD RENOW RESEARCH LAB PUSHING THE BOUNDARIES OF WOMEN IN SCIENCE

PEOPLE ARE REALLY ENTHU ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT THE BRAIN

A SWIM WITH SALAMANDERS

WE'VE BEEN ABLE TO MAKE A BIG IMPACT AT HOME

HOW BIG DATA IS HAPING OU LIVES.

CUTTERS, YOU GET THIS A LOT OF INTERESTING THING, SUCH A HOW WELL SOMEBODY'S SLEEP.

AND ROBOTICS IN THE WILD.

SHE RUNS UP TO THE CAMERA DISGUISED AS A PENGUIN

IT'S ALL AHEAD.

FUNDING IS MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.

> WELCOME TO SCI TECH NOW.

LET'S GET STARTED.

THERE ARE MORE WOMEN THAN ME EARNING BACHELOR'S DEGREES NATIONWIDE, BUT WITHIN THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERS, MEN OUTNUMBER WOMEN.

REPORTER ANDREA TAKES US TO ON FACILITY THAT'S TRYING TO SHRINK THE GAP.

THIS IS GOING TO BE THE NEW

WHEN ANN CHURCHLYNN TOOK JOB AT THE LABORATORY, SHE JOINED AN ELITE PORTION OF SCIENTISTS NOT ONLY AS TOP RATED LAB IN BIOLOGY, BUT AS A WOMA APPROACHING PROFESSORSHIP.

THERE'S A GREAT INTEREST IN YOUNG WOMEN IN SCIENCE IT SEEMS TO PERSIST TO THE UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL, BUT THE SOMETHING HAPPENS BETWEEN THEM THAT SAYS MANY PEOPLE LEAK OUT OF THE PIPELINE AND DON'T MAKE IT TO THE SENIOR LEVEL

SHE SHARED HER EXPERIENCE AND RESEARCH DURING THE LAB'S ANNUAL CELEBRATION OF WOMEN AND SCIENCE.

THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIO REPORTS THAT WOMEN COMPRISE JUST 28% OF WORKING SCIENTISTS AN ENGINEERS IN 2010.

AND THAT WOMEN SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS WERE MORE LIKELY THAN MEN TO SIGHT FAMILY RESPONSIBILITIES FOR WORKING PART TIME OR NOT AT ALL.

BEFORE I WAS HIRED HERE, CAME OUT FOR A SHORT VISIT THA WAS ABOUT A MONTH HALF IN TH SUMMER AND MY KIDS THEN WERE 3 AND 5 AND I WOULD NOT HAVE BEE ABLE TO COME IF IT WERE NOT FO THE DAY CARE BECAUSE I WOULD HAVE HAD NOWHERE THEY COULD GO HAVING THAT DAY CARE REALL CHANGED THE TRAJECTORY OF MY LIFE

COLD SPRING HARBOR LABORATORY HAS LONG HAD FEMALE SCIENTISTS ON ITS FACULTY AND WAS THE RESEARCH HOME OF TWO OF THE 16 WOMEN TO EVER WIN A NOBLE PRIZ IN SCIENCE COLD SPRING HARBOR'S PRESIDENT BRUCE STILLMAN, SAID THE LAB I TRYING TO COMBAT THE DROP OFF OF WOMEN SCIENTISTS IN TH POSITION

RUNNING YOUR OWN LAB IS A VERY DEMANDING AND TOUGH THING TO DO.

AND IT'S VERY CHALLENGING FO WOMEN WHO ALSO WANT TO HAV FAMILIES, BUT WE HAVE IN THE FIELD, VERY SUCCESSFUL AND HAV FAMILIES AND WE TRY TO CREATE CULTURE AND ENVIRONMENT TO SUPPORT THEM

THE LAB'S RESEARCHERS ARE EXPERTS IN CANCER, NEUROSCIENCE, BIOLOGY, AINGE GNOMICS ALSO PUBLISHES RESEARCH PAPERS AND MATERIALS FOR SCIENC STUDENTS IN 215 COUNTRIES, HOSTS TRAINING FOR HIGH SCHOOL TEACHER, TEACHES LAB BASED CLASSES TO TENS OF THOUSANDS O STUDENTS AND HEROS CONFERENCES FOR MORE THAN 12,000 SCIENTIST FROM AROUND THE WORLD EACH YEAR.

SO, THIS IS GRAND CENTRAL STATION FOR SCIENCE.

IT'S WHERE SCIENTISTS AND CHURCHLYNN WORKS AT THE LA FOCUSES ON WHAT HAPPENS IN THE BRAIN WHEN WE MAKE DECISIONS AND WHAT THAT TELLS US ABOUT MENTA ILLNESS, WHEN THE BRAIN IS NOT WORKING AS IT SHOULD

PEOPLE ARE REALLY ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT THE BRAIN EVERYONE'S BRAIN DOES WEIR THINGS SOMETIMES EVERYONE WANTS TO UNDERSTAND IT.

MARILYN SIMONS AND PRESIDEN OF THE MATH AND SCIENCE RESEARCH ORGANIZATION, SIMONS FOUNDATION, SAYS THIS KIND OF RESEARCH SHOWS THE PROMISE OF A DEEPE UNDERSTANDING OF THE BRAIN

WE NEED TO UNDERSTAND THIS.

WE HAVE SO MANY THINGS THA AFFECT US WITH DISEASE OR MENTAL HEALTH THAT WE NEED TO UNDERSTAND THE BRAIN.

PROGRESS IS TICKING UPWARD -- THAT'S MORE THAN DOUBLE THE RATE FROM 1993.

LISTEN, WE CAN ALWAYS GET BETTER, RIGHT?

SO, WE CAN ALWAYS DO MORE.

I THINK THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IS TO ENCOURAGE WOMEN THAT THEY'LL BE SUPPORTED AND THE CAN DO IT.

THE LABORATORY REKREBT CENTLY RECEIVED TWO GRANTS THROUGH TH BRAIN INITIATIVE TO HELP DEVELOP TOOLS FOR NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH.

THE HELLBENDER SALAMANDER I THE LARGEST AQUATIC SALAMANDER IN THE UNITED STATES BUT SINCE 2011, IS SALAMANDE HAS BEEN ON THE ENDANGERED SPECIES LIST NOW, ONE ZOO IN ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, HAS BEEN TRYING TO COME UP WITH THE SOLUTION TO SAVE THE SPECIES

WHAT WE CAME TO SEE AT TH ST. LOUIS ZOO IS NOT ON DISPLAY.

IT'S ACTUALLY BEHIND WHERE THE KEEP THE SNAKES AND OTHE ASSORTED REPTILES AN AMPHIBIANS IF YOU COME ON THE RIGHT DAY YOU MIGHT GET TO MEET IRENE.

NOT THE WOMAN IN THE WET SEAT.

THE BIG SALAMANDER SHE HAS JUS FISHED OUT OF THE NEST

WE DON'T KNOW HER AGE SHE WAS A WILD ADULT SHE COULD BE ANYWHERE FROM 10 TO 35

SHE IS ONE OF THE HELLBENDERS REPRODUCING IN WHAT IS NO MERE TROUGH THESE ARE MINIATURE STREAMS WITH FLOWING WATER.

THE SPEED OF THE CURRANT, TH TEMPERATURES, THE MINERAL, ALL CONTROLLED TO MATCH THEI HABITAT.

THE WATERWAYS OF THE OZARKS.

THERE WERE ONCE MAYBE 10,000 O MORE OF THESE GUYS IN MISSOURI AND NORTHERN ARKANSAS, BUT OVE TIME, FOR SOME OR MANY REASONS THEY DECLINED INTO THE HUNDREDS.

AT THE SAME TIME, THE SURVIVOR SHOWED A HIGH RATE OF SEVERE INJURIES THAT HADN'T HEALEDE PROPERLY, WHICH COULD BE DUE T A COMBINATION OF MANY FACTORS.

YOU'LL NOTICE SHE'S MISSING A RIGHT FOOT AND BACK RIGHT LEG.

ABOUT 70 TO 80% OF THE ANIMALS WE FIND ON THE OZARK RIVER HAV SOME SORT OF ANOMALY

A BIG PART OF THIS IS PRESERVING THE SPECIES, BU THERE'S MORE TO IT THAN THAT THEY MAY NOT BE AS MAJESTIC OR CUDDLY AS SOME OTHER ENDANGERE ANIMAL, BUT FRESH WATER SPECIE ARE DISAPPEARING JUST AS FAST OR FASTER AND AMPHIBIANS ARE AT THE GREATEST RISK.

IT HAS LUNING, BUT UNDERWATER, IT ABSORBING -- THINK CANARY I THE COAL MINE.

WE DEPEND ON WATER AS MUCH AS THESE ANIMALS DO, BUT THERE AR PROBLEMS INL IMPACTING THEM AN OTHER FORMS OF WILDLIFE.

IT'S GOING IMPACT US EVENTUALLY, TOO.

SO, THE ST. LOUIS ZOO, TH MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION SAT OUT NOT JUST TO STUDY THEM, BUT TO FIGURE OU HOW TO BREED THEM IN CAPTIVITY RAISE THE OFFSPRING AND PUT THEM INTO THE SPRING.

GETTING THEM TO REPRODUCE IN CAPTIVITY, THAT WOULD TAKE TEN YEAR, THERE ARE SO MANY THINGS TO GET RIGHT, SO MANY THINGS THAT DID AND COULD GO WRONG.

THE ZOO STARTED WITH AN INDOOR STREAM THE MALES AND FEMALES WERE DOING THEIR JOBS, BUT THE EGGS JUS WEREN'T GEING FERTILIZED EVERY YEAR, THE ZOO KEEPER WOULD ADJUST THIS OR THAT, BUT STILL, NO BABIES CHLTS SO, A FEW YEARS AGO, THEY TRIEDE SOMETHING ELSE THEY THOUGHT MAYBE AN OUTSID ENVIRONMENT WOULD HELP AND THE BUILT THE OUTDOOR STREAMS.

ROOMIER, NESTING BOXES COMFORTABLY SPACED, MIMICS THE ROCK NESTS OF THE TERRITORY, BUT STILL NO SUCCESS, SO THEY WENT BACK TO THE WATER ITSELF, LOOK ING AT THE IONS AND MINERALS MADE A MINOR ADJUSTMENT AND THEN WAITED TO SEE THE DIFFERENCE

I REMEMBER IT WAS OCTOBER 18th, 2011 WE OPENED THE NEST BOXES UP AN THERE WERE ALL THESE EGGS.

THEY MADE HISTORY IT WAS THE FIRST TIME ANYBOD HAD BRED THEM IN CABTIVITY NOW, EVERY FALL, THE KEEPER, ALL CERTIFIED DIVER, REACH IN TH NEST AND REMOVE A LONG STRING OF EGGS, WHICH ARE THEN PLACED IN THESE TRAYS.

AND WE ALSO SHAKE THE EGGS OR ROCK THE EGGS THREE TIMES A DAY, PHYSICALLY THAT SEEMS TO TAKE INTO ACCOUN WHAT THE MALE IS DOING IN TH BOTTOM OF THE RIVER.

HE'S OUR NEWEST BABY

THERE ARE NOW THOUSANDS O THEM IN THESE TANKS.

TWO SUB SPECIES ARE BRED SEPARATELY AND WILL BE PLACE BACK INTO THE STREAMS WHER THEIR PARENTS WERE CAUGHT AN THERE, THEY WILL FEAST ON CREA FISH, BUT THEY GENERALLY DON'T BOTHER PEOPLE.

WE'RE ACTUALLY MORE INTERESTED IN THEM THAN THEY ARE THIS US.

FOR US, BEING ABLE TO HEL CON SERVE A SPECIES RIGHT IN OUR BACKYARD THAT'S TWO HOURS FROM HERE, YOU CAN BE IN A HABITAT.

YOU DON'T HAVE TO GO T MADAGASCAR

AND WE'VE BEEN ABLE TO MAKE A BIG IMPACT HERE AT HOME.

THE PROJECT IN MISSOURI IS SUCCESS SO FAR, BUT ONLY UP TO A POINT.

THE POPULATION IS BEIN INCREASED, BUT WHAT ABOUT TH FACTORS THAT CAUSE THEM TO DECLINE DRAMATICALLY IN TH FIRST PLACE.

WAS IT DISEASE, CLIMATE CHANGE POLLUTION, PEOPLE COLLECTING FEMME FOR PETS WERE THEIR NESTS BEING FILLED UP WITH SILT?

THE ZOO RAISED HELLBENDERS ARE BEING PUT BACK AT VARIOUS AGES TO SEE AT WHAT POINT IN THEI DEVELOPMENT ARE THEY MOS VULNERABLE THAT MEANS COUNTING, TRACKING, MEASURING FOR AT LEAST THE NEX 15 YEARS

WE NEED TO PAY ATTENTION TO WHAT'S GOING ON IN THESE WIL SITUATIONS BECAUSE EVENTUALLY, IT'S GOING TO WORK ITS WAY U THE CHAIN TO US.

FOSSIL RECORDS DATE THE EXISTENCE OF THE SALAMANDER TO MORE THAN 160 MILLION YEARS AGO.

> ONE OF THE BIG BUZZ PHRASE IN THE PAST COUPLE OF YEARS HA BEEN BIG DATA AND TO HELP US UNDERSTAND MORE ABOUT BIG DATA WE'RE JOINED BY ERIC COALSON HE'S CURRENTLY THE CHIEF AL GO RHYTHMS OFFICER AT STITCH FIX.

WHAT IS BIG DATA

THE TERM WAS COINED ABOUT TEN YEARS AGO.

ORIGINALLY, IT WAS MEANT T REFER TO DATA THAT IS TOO BIG IN VOL FOR TRADITIONAL TECHNOLOGY TO PROCESS THE TERM LATER GOT GENERALIZED A BIT TO REFER TO OTHER QUALITY OF DATA BESIDES VOLUME, SO-CALLED 3-D.

THE FIRST IS VOLUME.

THE OTHER TWO QUALIIES ARE VELOCITY AND VARIETY HOW VARIED IS THE DATA AND STRUCTURE.

THOSE THREE QUALITIES OF DAT WERE JUST NOT WELL SUPPORTED B TRADITIONAL TECHNOLOGY, SO W HAD TO HAVE A LOT OF ENGINEERING PUT INTO REBUILDING THES TECHNOLOGIES

EXPLAIN FOR US FOR EXAMPLE, ALL THE BIG DATA THIS SURROUND NETFLIX.

SO, AS A NETFLIX USER YEARS AGO, I WOULD GIVE THUMBS UP AND THUMBS DOWN AND FIVE-STA RATINGS TO DIFFERENT MOVIES, BUT MULTIPLY THAT BY HURRICANE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF OTHER PEOPLE AND WHAT DO YOU END U GET SOMETHING.

ALL THOSE THINGS AR CONTRIBUTING TO THE BIG DATA THE THING THAT REALLY PUSHES I OVER THE TECHNOLOGY LIMIT IS THE SMALLER EVENTS THAT HAPPEN AS YOU'RE WATCHING A MOVIE NETFLIX IS GOING TO RECORD WHA BANDWIDTH YOU'RE GETTING SO THEY CAN OPTIMIZE THE PIXELS TO MAK IT A GREATER EXPERIENCE.

THEY'RE CONSTANTLY SAMPLING, FINDING OUT, IS IT OKAY TO INCREASE THE QUALITY OF TH VIDEO SO THAT YOU CAN SEE MORE CLEARLY.

SO, THESE TYPES OF THINGS AR FAR GREATER IN VOLUME THAN THE NUMBER OF TIMES YOU'RE READING THEM THAT'S WHAT PUSHING THEM OVE THE LIMIT AND CAUSES THEM TO HAVE TO REARCHITECT THEI TECHNOLOGY TO THIS DATA.

WHAT ARE YOU ABLE TO DO WIT THAT KIND OF INFORMATION

SO, IF YOU'RE WATCHING MOVIE ON AN iPHONE WHERE YOU'R OVER WI-FI, THEY'RE GOING TO STREAM IN A DIFFERENT QUALITY SO THAT IT'S NOT GOING TO HIT THOSE PAUSE EVENTS WHILE IT REBUFFERS.

THEY'LL INCREASE THE QUALITY O THE MOVIE, SO YOU CAN SEE THINGS MORE CLEARLY, EVEN IN HIGH DEFINITION SO, THAT'S ONE EXAMPLE OF WHAT THEY'RE DOING.

WHETHER THEY HAVE TO DATA TO B ABLE TO MAKE THOSE DECISIONS I REALTIME

WHAT ABOUT SAY FOR EXAMPLE IN AREAS SUCH AS HEALTH CARE.

WHERE ALL GENERATING TONS OF PIECES OF INFORMATION EVERY TIME WE GO TO THE DOCTOR'S OFFICE O O NOWADAYS WITH LOTS OF SMAR WATCHES AND PHONES AND HEALT APPS SO, WHAT HAPPENS TO ALL THAT DATA AND HOW DO WE MINE IT

USED TO BE YOUR VITAL SIGN, HEART RATE, WAS TAKEN A FE TIMES A YEAR NOW, YOU CAN DO IT 24/7, WEARING A SMART WATCH, IT'S CONSTANTLY TAKING YOUR HEART RATE AND OTHER VITALS AND THAT'S GENERATING MORE DATA THAN THE THREE TIMES OF THE YEAR WE WERE BEFORE THAT'S CONSTANT.

THEN BY BROWSING THROUGH THA DATA AND THE PAT ESHS B YOU GE A LOT OF INTERESTING THINGS, WHICH IS HOW WELL SOMEBODY'S SLEEPING ARE THEY REALLY SLEEPING IN REM OR TOSSING OR TURNING B MEASURING VITALS

WHAT ARE SOME OF THE BIGGER KIND OF PIE IN THE SKY IDEAS THAT YOU THINK WILL CHANGE SOCIETY USING BIG DATA

WE AS CONSUMERS HAVE GOTTEN VERY COMFORTABLE DISCLOSIN INFORMATION.

I DO RECALL FIVE YEARS AGO SAYING BE CAREFUL WH YOU PUT U THERE.

NOW, WE'VE GOT DB ALL OUT THERE.

AND SO, THE COMFORT LEVEL IS THERE NOW.

WE'RE USED TO DOING THIS, CLOS EVERYTHING, BUT PARTIALLY AT A COMFORT -- YOU SEE WHAT IT CAN DO IF R US WE SEE THAT IT CAN HELP US FIN NEW FRIENDS ON FACEBOOK AND WE CAN SEE WITH THE SENSOR DATA, IT HELPS US FIND OUT HOW -- SO NO THEY'RE TO THE CONSUMER AND MORE WILLING TO GIVE IT UP.

OKAY, THANKS SO MUCH.

THANK YOU

> IN ORDER THE TEACH US ABOU THE CREATURES THAT INHABIT OUR WORLD, FILM MAKERS HAVE EMPLOYED CUTTING EDGE TECHNOLOGY TO BLEND INTO THE ENVIRONMENT, BUT WHAT DO YOU DO WHEN THE CREATURE IS A PENGUIN?

METRO FOCUS RECENTLY SAT DOW WITH FRED COFFMAN, EXECUTIVE PRUGSER OF THE PBS SERIES, NATURE

THE ANTARCTIC IS HOME TO JUST TWO OF THE WORLD'S 17 TYPES OF PENGUINS, BUT A NEW VARIETY HA JUST APPEARED.

PENGUIN TOWN AS WELL AS A CAMERA IN IT BODY THERE'S ANOTHER IN ITS EYE IT JUST HAS TO WAIT FOR IT LEGENDARY SUBJECT TO ARRIVE.

THEY ARE EMPERORS.

THE WORLD'S TALLEST PIN BEGIN, STANDING OVER THREE FEET HIGH.

THEIR CURIOSITY IS ENCOURAGING THEY MUST ACCEPT EMPEROR TOWN IF IT IS TO FILM THEIR LIVES UP CLOSE FOR NEARLY A YEAR.

EMPERORS ARE A VERY SPECIA PENGUIN.

THE ONLY ANIMAL ON EARTH T BREATHE THROUGH THE ANTARCTI WINTER AT THE LONG JOURNEY TO THEIR BREEDING GROUNDS BEGINS, THE PENGUINS ACCEPT EMPEROR TOWN A ONE OF THEIR OWN

WHAT EXACTLY WAS THE STOR LINE HERE?

THE STORY LINE IS REALL DOCUMENTING PENGUINS AND HOW THEY CARE AND BRING UP THEIR YOUNG AND VERY TRADITIONAL TYPICAL, NATURAL HISTORY BEHAVIOR, BUT THERE WAS A HUGE TWIST TO THE WHOLE THING WE INTRODUCED 50 CAMERAS AND S PART OF THE STORY WAS HOW THES PENGUINS WOULD ADAPT TO THES CAMERAS AND WE WERE ABLE TO GE PERSPECTIVES THAT HAVE NEVER BEEN SEEN BEFORE

SO, HOW DO THESE CAMERA OPERATE?

DID YOU HAVE PEOPLE NEARBY M NOOEFRING THEM

IN FACT, WE DID NOT ONLY DID WE HAVE A TYPICAL CAMERA PERSON SHOOTING THE WAY WE WOULD ANY OTHER NATURE FILM BUT THERE WAS SOMEBODY WITH JOY STICK OPERATING THES VARIOUS AN MA TRONIC CAMERAS THAT WERE DISGUISED AS EITHE LIFE SIZED PENGUINS, ROCK, WE'VEN PUT A CAMERA IN THESE MODEL EGGS AND WE WENT T HOLLYWOOD MODELMAKERS TO ACTUALLY DESIGN THE ACTUAL ROBOTIC PENGUINS WE WENT TO PEOPLE WHO WOULD KNOW HOW TO PAINT THEM AND MAKE THE LOOK EXACTLY LIKE A PENGUIN AN THEN WE WENT TO TECHNICAL PEOPLE TO WORK OUT HOW TO PUT THE CAMERAS IN THESE ACTUAL MODELS

SO, DO THESE CAMERAS REALLY FOOL THE REAL PENGUINS

WELL, YOU KNOW, WHO KNOWS I THEY REALLY FOOL THEM.

I THINK IN SOME CASES, YES I THINK IN SOME CASES, THEY JUST GOT SO USED TO THESE THING BEING IN THEIR COLONIES AND THEY REALIZED THEY WEREN'T HARMFUL TO THEM THEY WEREN'T PREDATORS AND I THINK THEY JUST GOT USED T THEM

THERE WERE SOME INCIDENTS I THE SERIES, THEY WERE HILARIOUS.

I THINK THEY DID FOOL THEM BECAUSE IN ONE SCENE, A PENGUI TRIES TO PUT THE MOVES ON TH CAMERA

IT'S MATING SEASON AND TH MALE IS LOOKING AROUND FOR HIS MATE AND HE SIMPLY CAN'T FIN HER AND HE APPROACHES OU PENGUIN CAM AND STARTS FLIRTIN WITH IT AND AT THE SAME TIME THE FEMALE IS COMING BACK FROM THE OCEAN AND MAKING HER WAY T THE COLONY AND SHE RUNS UP T THE CAMERA DISGUISED AS PENGUIN AND KNOCKS IT.

KNOCKS ITS HEAD OFF

IN ONE CASE, A BIRD SWOOPED IN THINKING IT WAS TAKING NATURAL PENGUIN IN AND TOOK OU EGG CAM AND WE GOT THI PERSPECTIVE FROM THE CAMER BEING IN THE SORT OF FEET OF THE BIRD THE SHOT BY THE CARA CARA, DID YOU PUT HIM AS THE CAMERA MAN?

IT WAS THE FIRST TIME YOU HA THIS PANORAMIC SHOT OF A PENGUIN COLONY

IT'S VERY QUICK, BU INCREDIBLY INTERESTING AND ANOTHER FIRST, AND THIS WAS SHOT BY A TRADITIONAL CAMERA PERSON CAN'T CREDIT THE CAMERAS, BUT WE ACTUALLY SEE THE LAYING OF A EMPEROR PENGUIN EGG AND YOU JUST SEE THE TAIL SORT OF COME IN AND SHE MOVES HER FEET CLOSER AN CRADLES THIS EGG NO ONE'S EVER FILMED THA BEFORE

WHAT DID THIS PROJECT TEACH YOU ABOUT PENGUINS THAT YO DIDN'T KNOW BEFORE

THEY HAVE INCREDIBLE, QUIRK BEHAVIORS.

JUST SEEING HOW THEY WER RELATING TO THESE ROBOTI PENGUINS WAS AMAZING 1,000 HOURS OF FOOTAGE WAS HANDED OVER TO AN EMPERO PENGUIN RESEARCHER AND HE SAYS HE HAS BETWEEN FIVE AND TE YEAR'S WORTH OF BEHAVIOR T CATALOG AND WATCH.

ONE THING IS CLEAR.

THEY HAVE PERSONALITIES.

THEY ACT DIFFERENT FROM EACH OTHER.

WE LOVE PENGUINS BECAUSE THEY ARE INDIVIDUAL THEY HAVE BEHAFR JAVIERS THEY ARE QUIRKY.

NO TWO ARE ALIKE YOU COULD JUST POINT YOUR CAMERA EVERYWHERE AND YOU'RE GOING TO GET AN INTERESTING INTERPLAY YOU HAVEN'T SEEN BEFORE.

IS THERE ANY LIMIT TO WHA YOU CAN DO TECHNICALLY WITH TH TECHNOLOGY, THE FILM NATUR NOWADAYS

THERE DOESN'T SEEM TO BE.

CERTAINLY, THIS IS A NEW NEX STEP BUT YOU KNOW, WE'RE WORKING OU THE PROBLEMS AND KINKS SO WE CAN HAVE THESE ROBOTICS WATCHING THESE ANIMALS AND RECORDIN CONSTANTLY AND PICKING U BEHAVIOR WE NOW HAVE DRONES WE WERE SORT OF THE FIRST PEOPLE TO BE USING DRONES WITH LITTLE GO PROCAMERAS ON THEM TO GET ARIEL VIEWS THAT OTHERWISE, WE'D HAVE TO RENT A HELICOPTER TO DO.

THERE'S NO END TO WHERE THIS WILL GO AND THE NEW INSIGHTS WAEL GET OUT OF IT

THANK YOU SO MUCH AND TO SEE WHAT HAPPENED WHEN ROBOTIC PENGUIN NAMED DUKE I SET FREE IN THE CONCRETE JUNGLE, VISIT OUR WEBSITE AND THAT WRAPS IT UP FOR THIS TIME.

FOR MORE ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOG AND INNOVATION, VISIT OU WEBSITE.

YOU CAN ALSO CHECK US OUT ON FACEBOOK AND TWITTER THANKS FOR WATCHING.

FUNDING WAS MADE POSSIBLE B CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.