SciTech Now Episode 6

Episode six of SciTech Now brings you the latest breakthroughs in science, technology and innovation. We see the future of driverless cars, we learn how an unusual creature may save our shorelines, we meet a teen entrepreneur shining a light on political funding, and we take a look at one of the oldest societies on Earth.

TRANSCRIPT

♪♪

> COMING UP, THE FUTURE OF DRIVERLESS CARS.

WHEN THE CAR TAKES OVER FOR ITSELF IT WILL SLOW DOWN I THERE'S ANY OBSTACLES OR TRAFFIC AHEAD OF IT.

IT WILL HANDLE ANY DELAYS.

HOW AN UNUSUAL CREATURE MAY SAVE OUR SHORE LINE.

THEY BUILD UP THIS 3-D REEF LIKE A CORAL REEF AND THE FISH SWIM THROUGH AND WORMS AND EVERYTHING

MEET A TEEN ENTREPRENEU SHEDDING A LIGHT ON POLITICA FUNDING.

I HOPE PEOPLE CAN USE THI INFORMATION TO HOPEFULLY VOT SMARTER.

AND A LOOK AT ONE OF TH OLDEST SOCIETIES ON EARTH.

SLS SOCIETIES OF TERMITES THERE'S A STRICT HIERARCHY

IT'S ALL AHEAD.

HELLO WELCOME TO SCI TECH NOW.

BRINGING THE LATES BREAKTHROUGHS IN TECHNOLOGY AN INNOVATION LET'S GET STARTED.

AUTO TECHNOLOGY, SOME INDUSTRY LEADERS BELIEVE WE'RE GETTIN CLOSE TO THE JETSON ERA OF TRAVEL IT SEEMS DRIVING WILL BECOME INCREASINGLY AUTOMATED IN TH NEXT FIVE TO TEN YEARS LEGISLATION HAS PASSED I NEVADA, CALIFORNIA, MICHIGAN FLORIDA AND WASHINGTON, D.C.

ALLOWING DRIVERLESS CARS ON TH ROAD HERE WITH ME NOW IS TH EDITOR-AT-LARGE TIM STEVENS.

YOU'VE BEEN IN A CAR THAT' DRIVING BY ITSELF.

YOU WENT OFF TO SWEDEN TO DO I BUT IT WORKS

RIGHT SWEDEN HAS GOT A PILOT PROGRAM WITH VOLVO BEING THE NATIONA CAR COMPANY THERE.

THEY GOT SOME HIGHWAYS SET UP IN THE TOWN WHERE YOU CAN GO ON THE RING ROADS AROUND THE CITY, PU A BUTTON ON THE DASHBOARD AN THE CAR WILL TAKE OVER ITSELF.

IT CAN COMMUNICATE WITH THE CITY USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION AND IF THERE'S ANY LANE CLOSURES OR DELAYS.

THIS IS THEIR PROTOTYPE THEY SAY THIS IS THEIR FIRST THEY DON'T HAVE A FLEET YET.

EVENTUALLY THEY WANT TO STAR SELLING CARS THAT WILL DO MORE AND MORE OF THE DRIVING FOUR

VOLVO SAYS BY 2017 THEY WIL BE SELLING THESE CARS.

THEY ARE BUILDING THIS TECHNOLOGY ON THE SENSORS THAT'S IN THE CARS ALREADY TODAY.

WE'RE SEEING SELF DRIVIN RESEARCH OUT THERE FROM A LOT OF COMPANIES.

THOSE COMPANIES ARE REALLY BEING BUILT ON A LOT OF SENSORS BEIN BUILT IN THE CAR LASER SCANNERS ON THE ROOF AND RADAR THAT ADDS COST TO THE CAR.

VOLVO'S TECHNOLOGY IS SIMPLE AND CHEAP.

AND DO IT INEXPENSIVELY.

MOSTLY THE CONCERN FOR A LO OF PEOPLE IS WHAT ABOUT TH SAFETY WE GOT SO MANY SENSORS ON THERE, WHAT IF I'M IN A BAD HAI STORAGE ELECTRICAL, ALL OF THI STUFF FRIES OUT.

WILL I GET IN A WRECK?

HOW CAN THE CAR HAND CONTRO BACK TO THE DRIVER VERY IMPORTANT THE CAR CANNOT DRIVE THEMSELVE IN EVERY CONDITION GOOGLE'S CAR HAS NOT SEEN RAIN OR SNOW.

ONLY TESTED IN PERFECT CONDITIONS SO, A LOT OF THESE CAR COMPANIES ARE RESEARCHING WAY TO MAKE SURE DRIVERS ARE PAYING ATTENTION IF THE CARS DO GET INTO ONE OF THOSE SITUATIONS, HAND CONTROL BACK TO THE KAREN A SAFE WAY O PULL OFF TO THE SIDE OF THE ROAD AND STOP SLOI.

BEST CASE SCENE JOBS WE SORTED OUT THE SAFETY.

WHAT ARE THE SOCIETAL IMPACT I WE HAVE A LANE FULL OF CAR DRIVING AN INCH APART AT 7 MILES PER HOUR AND PEOPLE CA HAVE THEIR COFFEE OR READ THEI PAPER.

YOU CAN IMAGINE SPECIAL LANES ON THE HIGHWAY AND STEEPER OFF-RAMPS YOU DON'T HAVE T WORRY ABOUT STOP LIGHTS.

YOU CAN ENVISION TRAFFIC LIGHT GOING AWAY YOU CAN IMAGINE PARKING GARAGE THAT ARE A LOT TIGHTER IN TERM OF HEIGHT BALLGAMES NOBODY NEEDS TO GET OUT OF THEIR CARS AND YOU DON'T NEED TO OPEN THE DOORS BECAUSE THE CAR WILL PUL UP, YOU HAVE A BUTTON ON YOU PHONE AND THE CAR WILL PARK BY ITSELF IF ONE CAR NEEDS TO GET OUT ON THE OTHER SIDE THE OTHER CAR CAN MOVE OUT OF THE WAY AND BACK IN AGAIN FIT A LOT MORE CARS IN THE SAM SPACES WITHOUT HAVING TO BUILD MORE GARAGES OR HIGHWAYS

MAYBE WE WOULDN'T NEED TO OWN ONE VEHICLE.

THE VEHICLE CAN GO OUT AND SERVICE OTHER PEOPLE

THAT'S THE ULTIMATE VISIO THAT PEOPLE HAVE ULTIMATELY THAT'S WHAT GOOGLE IS LOOKING FOR ESPECIALLY T WORKING WITH UBER.

THE IDEA IS ONCE YOU USE A CAR TO GET FROM POINT A TO POINT B WHEN YOU SAY I NEED TO GO TO WORK AT THIS TIME, DOESN'T MATTER IF YOUR CAR IS SITTIN IDLE AS LONG AS THE CAR IS THERE WH CARES WHERE IT WAS THE NIGHT BEFORE THE IDEA OF CAR OWNERSHIP MAY BE AN IDEA OF THE PAST.

BEFORE WE DECIDE TO SHED OU VEHICLES AND GET INTO THIS LEASING AGREEMENT WITH THI VEHICLE, IN THE INTERMEDIATE TERM THERE ARE OPERATING SYSTEMS NOW WORKING THEIR WAY INTO OUR CARS WE LAW A LITTLE BIT OF IT WITH THE FORD SYNC, BUT APPLE I GETTING INTO IT, GOOGLE ANDROI IS GETTING INTO IT DO I NEED MORE THINGS?

SMARTPHONES ARE VER DISTRACTING.

PEOPLE ARE, UNFORTUNATELY, SHOWING THEY WOULD RATHER BE CONNECTED AND USE THEIR PHONES WHILE DRIVING THAN BE SAFE USE URGE PHONE AS DRIVING IS A DANGEROUS AS DRIVING DRUNK PEOPLE ARE STILL TEXTING O PULLING UP PLAY LISTS.

THESE SYSTEMS ARE DESIGNED T MAKE IT MUCH MORE EASIER TO DO THAT SO YOU CAN SPEAK TO YOUR PHONE AND SAME GIVE ME DIRECTIONS TO THIS PLACE OR HAVE A TEX MESSAGE READ TO YOU.

THAT'S BASICALLY THE IDEA OF APPLE'S CAR PLAY, GOOGLE'S ANDROID AUTO AND OTHER SLUGS T GIVE YOU SOME OF THE CONTROL OVER YOUR SMARTPHONE WITHOUT HAVING TO LOOK AT THE SCREEN O TYPE ON A TINY SCREEN AN WITHOUT BEING DISTRACTED IF YOU'RE DRIVING AND TRYING T INTERACT WITH YOUR PHONE YOU CAN DO IT IN A SAFE WAY.

A LOT OF THE CAR AS CREATED HAVE ADDED A LOT MOR DISTRACTIONS THE WHOLE TIME HEY BUDDY YOU'R DRIVING THIS HUGE 3,000 POUN MACHINE ON THE ROAD.

PART OF IT WAS THE VOIC RECOGNITION SYSTEMS WAS SO PRIMITIVE.

EVERY WORD YOU HAD TO SAY HAD TO BE RIGHT INTO THE CAR.

IF YOU TALKED TO SIRI OR GOOGL THE PHONE IS PROCESSION WHAT YOU SAY.

THEN IT GOES UP TO THE CLOUD WHEN YOU ADD THAT FUNCTIONALIT TO THE CAR YOU CAN DO MORE COMPREHENSIVE THINGS WITH YOUR VOICE.

ONCE YOU SAY GIVE ME DIRECTION TO A REALLY LONG ADDRESS OR SEND A TEXT MESSAGE TO MY MOM, I'LL BE LATE FOR DINNER, SO MAN THINGS ARE A LOT EASIER AND LESS DISTRACTING.

THANKS SO MUCH.

THANK YOU LE

FROM THE PUGET SOUND IN WASHINGTON STATE TO THE STORES OF LAKE MICHIGAN IN THE MIDWEST, ACROSS THE COUNTRY STATES AR DEVELOPING METHODS TO PREVEN THEIR AREAS FROM CLIMATE CHANGE.

JUST BEFORE 7:00 A.M. ON SUMMER MORNING IS PRETTY MUC THE PERFECT TIME TO GET OUT INTO THE WATER AND GATHER SOM OYSTERS.

IF THERE'S ANY OYSTERS THEY KIND OF OCCUR IN THESE THAT WE CALL CLUMPS.

THESE OYSTERS ARE NOT FOR DINNER THEY CAME FROM THE MOUTHS OF THE BRONX RIVER WHERE IT FLOWS IN TO THE EAST RIVER THERE FOR SCIENCE ALLISO FITZGERALD SAYS SHE AND OTHE MARINE BIOLOGISTS HAVE BEE INTERESTED IN THESE OYSTERS FO ABOUT A DECADE

BACK IN 2004 THE PARK DEPARTMENT STARTED TO NOTICE THAT ALL THESE NATURAL OYSTERS HERE, WE DIDN'T PUT ANY OF THESE HERE THEY HAPPENED TO BE HERE

EVEN WITH ALL THE POLLUTANT IN THE WATER AND THE SEWAGE OVER FLOWS, RIGHT IN THE SHADOW O LaGUARDIA AIRPORT, THE SCIENTISTS WANTED TO FIND OU HOW THEY ARE SURVIVING HERE AN SEE WHETHER IT WAS POSSIBLE TO GET MORE OF THEM TO SURVIVE.

FITZGERALD AND A GROUP O VOLUNTEERS CAME OUT TO CHECK THE ARTIFICIAL OYSTER BEDS ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS SET UP LAST YEAR AND FIND OUT HOW MANY O THE BABY OYSTERS THAT HAD BEEN PLANTED HAD SURVIVED AND REPRODUCED THE THEORY IS IF AN OYSTER BED CAN MAKE IT HERE AT THE BRON RIVER IT CAN MAKE IT ANYWHER AND THE WATERS AROUND NEW YORK COULD USE MORE OYSTERS

OYSTERS ARE ABLE TO FILTE THE WATER.

IF THERE'S ANY PARTICULATES IN IT THEY BUILD UP THIS 3-D REEF AN THE WORMS AND CRABS AN EVERYBODY CREATED THIS WHOLE HEALTHY ECO SYSTEM

THIS IS ONE OF SEVERA PROJECTS AIMED AT BRINGING MOR OUT OF IT TOWERS THE NATURAL AREA BUT EVEN THE MOST AMBITIOUS ON WHICH HOPES TO PLANT A BILLION OF THEM IN AND AROUND NEW YORK BAY WON'T COME CLOSE T RESTORING HOW MANY USED TO B HERE

NEW YORK WAS THOUGHT TO B THE OYSTER CAPITAL OF THE WORLD.

THERE WERE 350 SQUARE MILES OF OYSTERIES, AND UP TO 6 BILLION MAYBE EVEN 9 BILLION OYSTERS WERE IN THE HARBOR

THE FILM 'SHELL SHOCK' LOOK AT EFFORTS TO BRING OYSTERS BACK TO NEW YORK.

SHE SAYS A THRIVING POPULATION OF OYSTERS COULD HELP NEW YORK'S SHORE LINE

WE SAW WHAT HAPPENED DURING HURRICANE SANDY.

OYSTER REEFS CAN DIMINISH THAT

VOLUNTEERS IN THE BRONX INCLUDE A COUPLE OF ARCHITECTS FROM SCAPE, THE FIRM THAT' PLANNING AN ARTIFICIAL OYSTE REEF ALONG THE SHORE OF STATEN ISLAND ALLISON FITZGERALD OF NE YORK/NEW JERSEY BAY KEEPER SAY THE PROJECT AT THE MOUTH OF TH BRONX RIVER GIVES VOLUNTEER AN OPPORTUNITY TO FEEL CONNECTED TO THE WATER THAT SURROUNDS MOST OF THE CITY

I LOVE THE IDEA OF HAVING COLLEGE STUDENTS AND VOLUNTEER COME OUT HERE AND SHOWING THEM WHY I'M SO EXCITED TO BE HERE.

THIS IS LIKE GET IN THE WATER, GET THE WADERS ON, SEE WHAT TH REEF LOOKS LIKE, WORK ALONGSID OF THE SCIENTISTS.

FITZGERALD SAYS WE'LL NEVER BE ABLE TO FULLY RESTORE THE WATERS AROUND NEW YORK TO TH WAY THEY WERE WHEN THERE WER BILLIONS OF OYSTERS IN THEM.

BUT IT WILL BE A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION IF MORE NE YORKERS COME DOWN THE WATER FO A PERSPECTIVE ON HOW THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT FITS INTO TH NATURAL ONE.

YOU'RE RIGHT BY HUNTS POINT BY LaGUARDIA RIVER, YOU'RE I THE SOUTH BRONX.

THE SECRETS ON THE SHORE THERE'S CRABS OUT THERE.

THERE'S OYSTERS.

THERE'S MUD.

A GREAT PLACE TO BE.

ACCORDING TO A NEW REPORT B THE NATURE CONSERVANCY OYSTE BEDS ARE AMONG THE WORLD'S MOS ENDANGERED MARINE HABITATS MORE THAN 85% OF THE WORLD'S OYSTER REEFS HAVE BEEN LOST AN REMAINING REEFS ARE AT LESS THAN 10% OF THEIR ORIGINAL ABUNDANCE.

I'M THE FOUNDER OF MIAM FACTORY.

IT BASICALLY IS A YOUTUBE OF 3-D PRINTABLE SIZE, ANYTHING FRO SHOES, INCLUDING FLEXIBLE, INCLUDING WEARABLE, WORKIN THINGS IT IS THE BEST PLACE TO GO AND DOWNLOAD FILES THAT ACTUALLY PRINT.

EVERYTHING HAS BEEN CURATED AN TESTED EVERYTHING PRINTS WHICH IS VER IMPORTANT BECAUSE 3-D PRINTING IS NOT LIKE VIDEO.

VIDEO YOU DOUBLECLICK, I DOESN'T WORK PRINT ANOTHER ONE WITH 3-D PRINTING YOU NEED T MAKE SURE WHATEVER YOU DOWNLOA BECAUSE FIVE HOURS PRINT AND MATERIAL WASTED IS NO GOOD WE BELIEVE IN THE FUTURE MOR AND MORE PEOPLE WILL HAVE THOS PRINTERS AT HOME AND THEY WILL NEED FILES TO PRINT WITH SO THERE ARE BASICALLY THREE WAYS TO GET THE FILES TO PRINT WITH YOU CAN SCAN THEM.

YOU CAN DESIGN THEM YOURSELF BUT THE EASIEST IS GO AND DOWNLOAD FILES ALREADY MADE BY DESIGNERS, READY FOR YOU.

THAT'S WHY YOU WANT TO GO TO MIAMI FACTORY WHERE WE CURATE, COUPLE CHECK, CONTROL TEST PRINT EVERY SINGLE FILE WE HAV ONLINE

BEING POLITICALLY ACTIV DOESN'T MEAN YOU HAVE TO WAI UNTIL YOU'RE OLD ENOUGH TO VOT AND AS TESTAMENT OF THAT NIC RUEBEN FROM SEATTLE IS OUR GUEST TODAY.

NICK, WE'RE TALKING TO YOU BECAUSE YOU BUILT AN APP THAT' PRETTY INTERESTING TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT IT.

SURE.

SO IT'S CALLED GREENHOUSE AND IT WORKS ON LAPTOPS AND DESK TOPS BY HIGHLIGHTING NAMES OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.

A POP UP BOX CONTAINS THAT CONTAINS CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTION AND OTHER INFORMATION AN VERSION 2.0 WAS JUST LAUNCHED.

FOR THE 2014 ELECTION SEASON YOU CAN SEE HEAD-TO-HEAD COMPARISO OF THE CANDIDATES CONTRIBUTIONS.

WHY IS THIS INFORMATION IMPORTANT TO SOMEONE ESPECIALL AS WE HEAD INTO THE NOVEMBER ELECTIONS?

RIGHT SO MY GOAL IS TO USE TECHNOLOG TO PROMOTE TRANSPARENCY.

PEOPLE READ ABOUT POLITICS EVERY DAY.

IF YOU READ ABOUT CONGRESSIONAL VOTE ON ENERGY POLICY MAYBE YOU'LL DISCOVER A FARM BILL HAS RECEIVED HUNDRED OF BILLIONS OF DOLLARS FROM TH OIL INDUSTRY FOR THE 2015 ELECTION SEASON I KNOW PEOPLE CAN USE THIS INFORMATION TO HOPEFULLY VOT SMARTER.

SO, WHERE DID YOU GET THI IDEA FROM?

THERE ARE SERVICES OUT THERE THAT HELP BRING ALL THIS DAT TOGETHER, THAT YOU CAN GO TO CERTAIN WEBSITES FROM FCC.GOV TO OPEN STRET AND START TO SE WHERE THE CAMPAIGN CONTRIBUTIONS FOR A PARTICULAR CANDIDATE CAM FROM BUT WHAT MADE YOU WANT TO DO THIS SPECIFIC THING

BACK IN SEVENTH GRADE I GAV A PRESENTATION ON MONEY AN POLITICS EVER SINCE THEN I'VE BEEN VERY INTERESTED I HAD ONE PROBLEM THAT THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOURCES OF FUNDING OF MEMBERS OF CONGRESS WASN'T SIMPLE AND EASILY ACCESSIBLE WHEN PEOPLE NEEDE IT I GUESS NOR RECENTLY I'VE BEEN TEACHING MYSELF TO CODE AN FIGURE OUT SOMETHING LIK GREENHOUSE THAT PUTS DATA AT PEOPLE'S FINGERTIPS WAS PERFECT SOLUTION

SEVENTH GRADE IS WHEN YOU GOT INTERESTED IN POLITICS

YEAH.

WHAT'S YOUR BEST CASE SCENARIO HEAD NOTHING TH ELECTION CYCLE LET'S SAY YOUR APP IS GETTING LOT OF DOWNLOADS WHAT'S THE IMPACT YOU HOPE I HAS?

I HOPE REALLY PEOPLE, AGAIN PEOPLE MAKE SMARTER DECISION BECAUSE GREENHOUSE MAKES IT SO EASY TO SEE AND COMPARE LOOK A TWO CANDIDATES I INCLUDE TOP TEN INDUSTRY CONTRIBUTION, I ALSO INCLUDE ANTI-CORRUPTION REFORM AND WHA PERCENTAGE OF THE KRAXS ARE LESS THAN $200.

IN THE WORLD OF POLITIC EVERYONE IS ALWAYS LOOKING FOR WHAT'S THE MOTIVATION BEHIND THIS TOOL, WHAT'S THE MOTIVATION BEHIND THIS IDEA, IS THE YOUNG MAN OR THE YOUNG WOMAN THAT' BEHIND THIS CAMPAIGN A PARTICULAR POINT OF VIEW

THIS TOOL USES TECHNOLOGY T PROMOTE TRANSPARENCY AND REALL IT'S BEEN USED BY BOTH PARTIES IT'S BEEN WRITTEN BY ON THE TE PARTY SITE AND IT'S INTERESTIN TO ME SEEING HOW WIDE ON THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM IT'S BEIN PICKED UP BY IN TERMS OF LIKE MY PERSONAL POLITICAL VIEWS, I DON'T THINK THAT'S RELEVANT TO GREENHOUSE.

IT'S A NONPARTISAN ISSUE

I LIKE YOUR SLOGAN SAYS SOM ARE RED, SOME ARE BLUE, ALL AR GREEN.

EXPLAIN THAT

IT'S NONPARTISAN ISSUE.

MONEY IS DONATED TORCH SOME ARE BLUE, SOME ARE RED BU ALL ARE GREEN, YOU KNOW, THE COLOR OF MONEY

WHERE DOES GREENHOUSE GO FROM HERE?

WHAT HAPPENS AFTER THIS ELECTION CYCLE.

YOU BUILT THE TRANSPARENCY TOO THAT WILL NOT JUST BE RELEVANT FOR THE ELECTION

RIGHT OUR NEXT STEP THERE'S THRE THINGS I'M FOCUSED ON.

FIRST PROVIDING MORE DATA TO USERS WHILE KEEPING GREENHOUSE SIMPLE AND EASY TO USE SECOND IS TRYING TO BUIL GREENHOUSE INTO A MORE INTERACTIVE COMMUNITIES OF USERS INSTEAD OF JUST A TOOL AND THIRD IS GIVING THEM ANY REQUESTS I RECEIVE AND EXPAN INTO OTHER AREAS AND COUNTRIES

YOU'RE DOING THIS PROBABL FROM YOUR HOME RIGHT NOW THI INTERVIEW.

HOW ARE YOUR PARENTS ABOUT ALL OF THI

THEY ARE VERY PROUD IT'S A CRAZY SUMMER FOR ME

WHAT YEAR ARE YOU IN SCHOOL

A JUNIOR IN HIGH SCHOOL

YOU'RE STARTING TO TAKE YOU BSATs AND SATs WHAT DO YOU WANT TO DO AFTER HIGH SCHOOL?

DEFINITELY COLLEGE.

THAT'S VERY IMPORTANT.

I DON'T KNOW AFTER THAT I'VE BEEN SO HAPP WITH CREATING GREENHOUSE AND LIKE WORKING WITH TECHNOLOGY PROJECTS MAYBE A JOB IN TECH OR EVEN JOB IN POLITICS.

TO HOPEFULLY HELP THIS ISSUE

THANKS SO MUCH FOR YOUR TIME.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH

> UP NEXT WE TAKE YOU INSIDE ONE OF THE OLDEST SOCIETIES ON EARTH AND IT'S NOT WHAT YO MIGHT THINK.

IT'S THE TERMITE MOUND MADE UP OF MILLIONS OF INSEKTS AND IT' VERY OWN QUEEN IT'S A UNIVERSE ALL OF ITS OWN TAKE A LOOK.

♪♪

TERMITES HAVE A HIGHLY SOCIAL LIFE COMPARED TO THE OTHER ORGANISM OLDEST SOCIETY ON EARTH, 150 MILLION YEARS OLD.

THE SCENE IS A TYPICAL SCEN ON THE EAST AFRICAN PLANES LIK THE SERENGETI WHERE THERE'S DR GRASSES, GIRAFFES, LIONS, AL THE FAMILIAR KINDS OF ANIMAL YOU SEE ARE THERE.

A VERY TYPICAL ASPECT OF THE LANDSCAPE IN THAT HABITAT AR TERMITE MOUND.

IT LOOKS LIKE A SMALL CITY WIT MOUND OF THESE TERMITES PICKIN UP ALL OVER SAVANNAH AND THE LOOK LIKE BIG GIGANTIC MOUND O DIRT IT IS TO SOME EXTENT A DIRT BU A LARGE PART OF IT IS ACTUALLY OF FECAL MATTER OF THE TERMITE THESE MOUND ARE INTERESTIN BECAUSE THEY THINK TERMITES LIVE IN THE MOUND THEY DON'T THEY ARE ACTUALLY CHIMNEYS AND THE NEST ITSELF IS JUST BELO GROUND AT THE BASE OF THE MOUND.

THE WAY THESE MOUND FUNCTION I THAT THERE ARE LITTLE HOLES SO THAT AIR CURRENT VENTILATE THE NEST THAT'S UNDERGROUND.

THEIR SOCIOLOGY IS GREAT THERE'S A WORKER COUNT, SOLDIERS AND REPRODUCTIVES, VERY STRICT DIVISION OF LABOR.

THE THING THAT DISTINGUISHES TERMITES FROM SAY ANTS AND OTHER KINDS OF SOCIAL INSECTS IS THA THEY HAVE A VERY, VERY PROFOUN DIFFERENCE, A STRUCTURAL DIFFERENCE, ANATOMICAL DIFFERENCE INSIDE OF A TERMITE MOUND QUEEN CAN LIVE WHAT IS THOUGHT TO BE TEN, PERHAPS EVEN 20 YEARS WHICH IS EXCEPTIONAL FOR A INSECT AND THOUGHT TO BE THE MOST D-CON INSECTS IN THE WORLD.

THIS IS ONE OF THE LARGEST.

IT CONSISTS OF 101 MILLIMETERS OR CLOSE TO TEN CENTIMETERS.

THE HEAD IS VERY TINY AND YO CAN SEE HE'S LIKE AN EGG BUT IT'S A SHE

YOU HAVE MALE, THE WINGED AND WHEN THEY ARE READY TOMATE THE WILL TAKE OFF AND SWARM A MATING AND MATE WITH THE FEMALE WHEN SHE'S MATED SHE WILL DROP TO THE GROUND AND START HER OW COLONY

THEY CAN DEFEND THE COLONY.

THEIR ENEMIES ARE ANTS THEY CAN CHOP OFF THE ANTS BOD OR HEAD.

AND SOME OF THEM HAVE DEVELOPE A SNOUT.

THEY HAVE A STICKY LIQUID.

THE WORKERS ARE THE ONES THAT DO ALL THE HOUSEHOLD DUTY.

GROOMING, COLLECTING FOOD, FEEDING THE YOUNG ONES, KEEPIN THE PLACE CLEAN.

THERE ARE MILLIONS OF TERMITES IN THE MOUND, CLOSE TO 2 MILLION INDIVIDUALS.

SOME PEOPLE ONLY THINK O TERMITES AS BEING DESTRUCTIVE, DOING DAMAGE TO THEIR HOUSE BU THIS IS NOT TRUE ONLY 10% OF THE SPECIES IN THE WORLD ARE DESTRUCTIVE.

BUT THEY ARE VERY USEFUL THEY PLAY A VERY IMPORTANT ROLE.

THEY EAT GRASSES AND RECYCLE I BACK INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.

VERY FEW ORGANISMS CAN RECYCLE CELLULOID.

SO THEY PLAY A VERY IMPORTAN ROLE IN THE ECO SYSTEM WITHOUT TERMITES -

AND THAT WRAPS IT UP FOR THIS TIME FOR MORE ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOG AND INNOVATION VISIT OUR WEBSITE.

CAN YOU ALSO CHECK US OUT ON FACEBOOK AND JOIN TH CONVERSATION ON TWITTER.

UNTIL NEXT TIME, THANKS FO WATCHING