SciTech Now Episode 5

Episode five of SciTech Now brings you the latest breakthroughs in science, technology and innovation. We take a look at the changing multi-billion dollar gaming industry, hear about the future of wearable devices and learn about the building blocks of matter.

TRANSCRIPT

> COMING UP, WE TAKE A LOOK AT THE CHANGING MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR ENGAGE INDUSTRY

I'M EXPLORING COSTUMES AN GAME CONTROLLERS SO TH INTERSECTION BETWEEN WEARABL TECHNOLOGY AND GAMES

TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE O WEARABLE DEVICES -

THESE ARE DEVICES THAT AR GOING TO TELL US MORE ABOU OURSELVES AND SORT OF ENHANC OUR DAYS

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU COMBINE ART WITH MUSIC

WHEN YOU WALK IN THE ROOM YOU CAN TAKE YOUR PHONE OUT, START PLAYING MUSIC AND SEND IT TO THE WALL

AND GET READY FOR A ADVENTURE WITH ONE OF THE WILD MASSIVE AND SOLITARY ANIMALS

IT'S MORE OF A PUSHIN CONTEST.

IT'S ALL AHEAD.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM IS MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.

HELLO, WELCOME TO SCI TEC NOW, OUR WEEKLY PROGRAM BRINGING YOU THE LATEST BREAKTHROUGHS I SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AN INNOVATION LET'S GET STARTED.

AMERICAN CONSUMERS SPENT MOR THAN 15 BILLION LAST YEAR ON COMPUTERS AND VIDEO GAMES, A TREND THAT HAS LED TO CREATIVITY IN THE PRIVATE AND PUBLI SECTORS.

WE TAKE A LOOK AT HOW ON UNIVERSITY IS GRADUATING THE NEXT GENERATION OF GAM DEVELOPERS

AT A TIME WHEN 59% OF AMERICANS REPORT PLAYING VIDEO GAMES AND THE AVERAGE TIME PEOPLE SPEND ONLINE HAS OUTPACED TV VIEWING HOURS, THE GAMING LANDSCAPE LEAVES A LOT OF SPAC FOR DEVELOPERS TO EXPERIMENT ONE PLACE THAT'S HAPPENING A NYU POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL OF GAME INNOVATION LABS WHERE STUDENTS CREATE VIRTUAL BUBBLE WRAP DIGITAL ANIMATION TOOLS AN MOTION DETECTING GAMES THAT AR MEANT TO HELP KIDS WITH MATH

WELL, WE BASICALLY PLAY THAT'S WHAT WE DO.

THIS IS WHERE PHD STUDENT COME TO PLAY THE LAB OPENED IN 2011 MARRYIN FUNCTION AND AESTHETICS IN PURSUIT OF GAMES

THE IDEA WAS TO COMBINE TECHNOLOGY AND ENTERTAINMENT AND TO CREATE A PLACE WHER ENGINEERS COULD BENEFIT FROM WORKING WITH ARTISTS AND DESIGNERS TO SHAPE THE FUTURE OF ENTERTAINMENT TECHNOLOGY

1.2 BILLION PEOPLE AROUND THE WORLD ARE GAMING ACCORDING TO 2013 INDUSTRY SURVEY THAT'S 17% OF THE GLOBAL POPULATION IT'S NOT JUST GUYS 46% OF THE WORLD'S ONLINE GAMERS ARE WOMEN.

THE WAY THE VIDEO GAME DESIGN HAS PROGRESSED IT'S DEFINITELY BECOME A MUCH, MUCH MORE OPE AND TRYING TO BECOME MOR BROADLY ACCEPTABLE MEDIUM.

STUDENTS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE, ART, EDUCATION, MATH AND DESIG FIND COMMON GROUND IN THE LAB, CREATING GAMES FOR LEARNING, HEALTH, AND TO SOLVE PROBLEMS.

THEY ARE BRINGING BILLIONS OF DOLLARS OF REVENUE A YEA GLOBALLY, AND THEY'RE JUST A MUCH A PART OF EVERY DAY CULTURE AS MOVIES, NOVELS OR THOSE THINGS WE'RE ALSO REALLY INTERESTED I HOW GAMING TECHNOLOGY APPROACHES CAN BE USED TO SOLVE PRACTICAL PROBLEMS, LIKE STROK REHABILITATION OR MATH EDUCATION.

NEARLY TWO-THIRDS OF GAMING PLAY WITH OTHER PEOPLE EITHE FACE-TO-FACE OR ONLINE AND T ENCOURAGE THAT KIND OF INTERACTION, THEY DESIGNED A LIGHTNING BUG GAME WHICH HAS TWO PLAYERS TOUCH HANDS SO ONE CAN SHOOT LASERS

I'M EXPLORING COSTUMES AS GAME CONTROLLERS SO THE INTERSECTION BETWEE WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY AND GAMES.

HE'S WEAR A POWER PACK.

HE COLLECTS POWER AND THEN WHE WE HOLD HANDS THE POWER GETS DISTRIBUTED FROM THE POWER PAC TO THE GAUNTLET.

THAT'S THE ONLY WAY THE PLAYER IS ABLE TO SHOOT AND THEN WE PLAY IN THIS LARGE DOME HERE.

IN DECADES OF GAM DEVELOPMENT, TECHNOLOGY HAS LE TO FASTER PROCESSING SPEEDS, SHARPER GRAPHICS AND MOR ELABORATE STORY LINES.

DESPITE RECENT INDUSTRY LAYOFFS, THOSE ADVANCES HAVE CREATED LARGER POOL OF PROGRAMMERS AND PRODUCTS

SO AT FIRST COMPUTERS HAD A LOT OF CONSTRAINTS THEY DIDN'T HAVE MUCH MEMORY THEY WERE SLOW NOW THEY'RE REALLY FAST AND HAVE ALL KINDS OF SENSORS SO THERE' NO REASON THE COMPUTER CAN'T INTER ACT WITH YOU THE WAY YOU'RE COMFORTABLE, READ YOU BODY LANGUAGE, UNDERSTAND YOUR FACIAL EXPRESSIONS, BE SENSITIVE AS TO WHEN THE RIGHT TIME TO INTERRUPT YOU.

IT USED TO BE THAT MAKING A GAME HAS TECHNOLOGICAL PRETTY MUCH ANYBODY CAN SIT DOWN NOW AND MAKE A GAME IF THEY WANT TO

AN INDY MOVEMENT HAS EMERGE IN GAMING, OFFERING AN ALTERNATIVE TO BIG BUDGETS AND BRAND NAMES AND MAKING ROOM FO LESSER KNOWN PROGRAMMERS T BREAK IN DESPITE EVOLVING TECHNOLOGY AT GAME CREATOR'S DISPOSAL.

THE FACULTY AND LAB WARN STUDENTS NOT TO OVERCOMPLICATE THEIR GAME

I THINK THERE'S A GENERAL TREND WITH TECHNOLOGY THAT I YOU'RE SMALLER AND MORE CAPABL OF THINGS HOW CAN WE USE THI REALLY AFFORDABLE SENSOR TO MAKE THIS GAME OR, RATHER, THIS I THE GAME IDEA AND THIS IS HOW WE CAN USE TECHNOLOGY TO ENHANC THE IDEA

THERE'S STILL A LOT TO BE LEARNED FROM THE SMALLER GEM THAT WE HAD BY NECESSITY 3 YEARS AGO WHEN TECHNOLOGY WASN'T THERE YET.

NOW WE HAVE 3-D GRAPHICS AND BIG CONTROLLERS AND EVERYONE ALWAY WANTS TO PUSH THAT THAT'S GREAT AND I'M HAPPY THA THAT'S HAPPENING, BUT I THIN THERE'S A LOT OF SPACE UNDERNEATH THAT CURVE THAT HASN'T BEEN FULLY EXPLORED YET

MORE THAN HALF OF ALL U.S HOUSE HOLDS OWN AT LEAST ONE GAME CONSOLE

FROM DIGITAL DISPLAY EY GLASSES TO FITNESS TRACKIN WRIST BANDS AND SMART WATCHES, WEARABLE DEVICES HAVE TAKEN OF IN POPULARITY.

TODAY WEARABLE TECHNOLOGY IS A MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR INDUSTRY AS COMPANIES ARE RELEASING PRODUCTS THAT COULD CHANGE OUR WORLD.

JOINING US ME JOANNA STERN FRO THE 'WALL STREET JOURNAL.'

WHY IS THIS WEARABLE TECHNOLOG EXPLOSION HAPPENING RIGHT NOW?

I THINK A LOT OF IT HAS TO DO WITH HOW POPULAR SMART PHONE HAVE BECOME.

WE'RE HOLDING THESE DEVICES IN OUR HANDS ALL DAY LONG LITERALLY I WALK AROUND THE CITY ALL THE TIME WITH MY PHONE GLUED TO MY HAND LOOKING FOR THE TIM BECAUSE IT'S REPLACED MY WATCH I'M LOOKING FOR THAT REALL IMPORTANT E-MAIL AND SOMETIMES I'M LOOKING TO SEE HOW MUC FITNESS ACTIVITY I'VE DONE BECAUSE SOME OF THESE WEARABLE FITNESS BANDS PAIR WITH OU PHONES I THINK IT REALLY ALL STEMS FROM ALL RELIANT WE'VE BECOME ON OU SMART PHONES WHY DON'T WE TAKE THIS TECHNOLOGY TO OUR BODIES

SOME OF THEM ARE TURNING INTO JEWELRY.

I REMEMBER A COMPANY THAT MADE HIGH END FASHION LOOKING JEWELRY AND ACTUALLY HAD THE JEWELRY THAT YOU COULD PRESS AS A PANI ALARM IN CASE SOMETHING BAD WA HAPPENING.

IT WOULD SEND AN ALERT TO ALL OF YOUR FRIENDS TELLING THEM WHER YOU WERE

THAT SOUNDS FUNCTIONAL TO ME.

I'VE SEEN SOME JEWELRY PIECE THAT BLINK WHEN YOU HAVE A FACEBOOK ALERT I THINK IF THERE'S SOM FUNCTIONALITY TO SOME OF THI STUFF, THAT CAN BE VERY USEFUL THE OTHER STUFF COULD BE SORT OF PROP TECHNOLOGY.

I WAS A RELATIVE EARL ADOPTER.

I'VE BEEN WEARING A SOMEWHAT SMART WATCH FOR MAYBE SIX MONTHS OR SO.

BUT WHY ARE THEY ALL TAKING OFF?

APPLE JUST RELEASED A NEW ONE, VALIDATING THAT PEOPLE ARE INTERESTED IN THIS AND MAYBE THEY'LL BUY THE APPLE VERSION.

I THINK IT GOES BACK TO RIGHT NOW WHAT'S THE NEXT EVOLUTIO AFTER THIS THE SMARTPHONE.

THE SMARTPHONE OR THE iPHONE REALLY TOOK OFF FIVE, SIX YEAR AGO, RIGHT NOW WE'RE SORT OF LOOKING FO WHAT'S THAT NEXT BIG THING WHAT'S GOING TO CHANGE OUR LIFE.

I THINK IN MANY WAYS THI WEARABLE STUFF IS COMING BACK TO THE MORE PERSONAL SIDE O TECHNOLOGY THESE ARE DEVICES THAT ARE GOING TO TELL US MORE ABOUT OURSELVE AND SORT OF ENHANCE OUR DAYS THE QUESTION IS, DO YOU A LOT OF PEOPLE ACTUALLY WANT TO HAVE THAT STUFF LITERALLY INVADE OU BODIES DO WE NEED THAT?

DO WE HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY T STEP WAY FROM THIS TECHNOLOGY?

SO YOU'VE GOT ACCOUPLE OF EXAMPLES WHAT'S ON YOUR WRIST NOW

I LIKE TO REFER TO THIS A THE MINI SMARTPHONE THAT I PUT ON MY WRIST.

THIS IS THE SAMSUNG LIVE THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF GOOGLE'S EXPERTS TO GET INTO THE SPAC AND THIS IS ONE OF THE FIRST WATCHES THAT RUNS THIS SOFTWARE, BRINGS THE BEST OF ANDROID TO SMALL SCREEN ON YOUR WRIST THE PROBLEM WITH MANY OF THESE AT FIRST HAS BEEN THAT IT LOOK LIKE A SMARTPHONE SCREEN IT'S A SHRUNKEN SMARTPHONE SCREEN AND THIS THING IS PRETT CHUNKY I REFER TO THIS AS MY JAIL BRACELET AND THEN ACTUALLY YOU CAN SE ANOTHER BIG PROBLEM, 12% BATTERY LIFE IT'S BEEN A PROBLEM WITH THESE I'M CONSTANTLY HAVING THES THINGS DIE THIS IS THE MOTOROLA, A LITTLE BETTER LOOKING DEVICE.

IT'S TOTALLY BLACK BECAUSE?

NO BATTERY.

I CHARGED THIS YESTERDAY, DIDN'T HAVE TIME TO CHARGE IT AGAIN TODAY.

ALSO THEY REQUIRE THESE SPECIA CHARGING DOCKS IT'S NOT REALLY A UNIVERSA THING AND COME OVER TO YOU HOUSE AND SAY, DO YOU HAVE YOU WATCH CHARGER?

THE CHARGING PROBLEM IS BIG FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE BECAUSE WATCH IS SOMETHING THAT THEY DIDN'T EXPECT TO HAVE TO CHARG SO OFTEN IT'S SUPPOSED TO KEEP TIME, NO WASTE TIME

EXACTLY MY MAIN REQUIREMENTS WITH THESE, AS THEY GET MORE FUNCTIONALITY LET'S BE SMARTER ABOUT THE FUNCTIONALITY THAT THEY GET.

I DON'T WANT TO HAVE EVERY SINGLE E-MAIL I GET ON MY PHON ON MY WRIST.

I DON'T WANT 1-800 FLOWERS BOTHERING ME FOR THEIR SALE OR GAP BOTHERING ME ABOUT THEIR SALE I WANT JUST THE THINGS FROM TH PEOPLE THAT MATTER THE MOST TO ME SO WE HAVE TO BE SMARTER OR THEY HAVE TO BE SMARTER AS THES THINGS DEVELOP, WHAT ARE THE THINGS WE WANT ON OUR BODY

STILL SORTS OF THE ENGINEER LEADING THE CHARGE AND THE KIN OF USER INTERFACE OR USABILITY EXPERTS ARE KIND OF LAGGIN BEHIND IN THIS

I THINK IT'S ALSO THAT DESIGN QUESTION, TOO.

THE ENGINEERS IN MANY PLACES ARE DESIGNING THESE THINGS YOU MENTIONED THE JEWELRY.

THAT'S A BIG STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION.

HOW DO WE GET THESE LIFE-STYLE BRANDS INVOLVED.

APPLE IS TAKING STEPS WITH THE RELEASE OF THE APPLE WATCH LOOKING AT, OKAY, YOU'RE NOT GOING TO WANT TO WEAR THE SAME SORT OF BAND ON YOUR WRIST WHE YOU'RE WORKING OUT YOU WANT A PLASTIC BAND WHEN YOU'RE WORKING OUT WHEN YOU GO TO WORK YOU WANT THAT GOLD BAND OR THAT STAINLESS STEEL BAND

THESE KIND OF TECHNOLOIES ARE MOVING INTO OTHER PARTS OF OUR HOME NOW, TOO.

ALL OVER THE PLACE.

I THINK THAT'S ALSO PART O THIS, TOO, THAT IF YOU HAV SOMETHING ON OUR WRIST WE CA CONTROL MORE OF WHAT'S AROUND US AS IT'S LITERALLY OUR BODIES CONTROLLING WHAT'S GOING AROUN US THAT'S REALLY INTERESTING THAT'S GOING ON NOT ONLY WITH APPLE BUT AS ANDROID GOOGLE AND APPLE LOOKING TO MAKE MAJOR MOVES INTO THE HOME, OUR HOUSES, OUR THERMOSTATS, GARAG DOORS, HAVE THAT CONTROLLABL WITH OUR SMART PHONES OR WATCHES.

JOANNA STERN FROM THE 'WALL STREET JOURNAL,' THANKS SO MUCH.

THANK YOU ♪

HELLO I'M THE DIRECTOR AND PROFESSOR AT THE INSTITUTE FOR ADVANCE STUDY IN PRINCETON TODAY'S QUESTION IS, WHAT AR THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF MATTER.

ALL MATTER AND RADIATION I COMPOSED OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES.

THE PLACE TO FIND THEM ARE THE BIG COLLIDERS.

HUGE MACHINE IN GENEVA THE LATEST PARTICLES THERE WAS DISCOVERED TWO YEARS AGO IT'S IMPORTANT BECAUSE IT WA THE LAST PIECE OF THE PUZZLE I THE SO-CALLED STANDARD MODEL O ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS.

BEAUTIFUL THEORY EXPLAINS TH PROPERTIES OF ALL MATTER AROUN US WITH INCREDIBLE ACCURACY.

SO ARE WE DONE NO, WE'RE NOT DONE FOR ONE THING, WE HAVE DISCOVERED THAT THE UNIVERSE I FILLED WITH BIG CLOUDS OF MATTER CALLED DARK MATTER THAT BECOME INVISIBLE.

WE ONLY SEE ITS GRAVITATIONA PULL IT'S NOT THE KIND OF MATTER THAT WE AND THE PLANETS AND THE STARS ARE MADE OF.

IN FACT, FIVE TIMES MORE DAR MATTER IN THE UNIVERSE THA ORDINARY MATTER.

SO WHEN IN 2015 THE LARGE HAVE COLLIDER STARTS WORKING AGAIN AT EVEN HIGHER ENERGIES, THERE'S LOT OF EXCITEMENT AMON PHYSICISTS WILL WE FIND NEW PARTICLES, NE SYMMETIES OR ONE OF THES MYSTERIOUS DARK MATTER PARTICLES.

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU COMBINE ART WITH MUSIC THERE'S A COMPANY IN BOULDER COLORADO THAT'S TRYING TO FIGURE THAT OUT WE ARE JOINED BY ONE OF TH CO-FOUNDERS DAVID HOSE THANKS FOR BEING WITH US YOUR COMPANY IS CALLED SOUND WALL WHAT IS SOUND WALL

IT'S A PIECE OF ART THAT YO HANG ONTO THE WALL YOU WALK INTO YOUR ROOM, START PLAYING MUSIC ON YOUR PHONE, SAY I WANT TO SEND IT TO THE WAL AND THE ART TURNS TO MUSIC

HOW DOES THAT HAPPEN?

WE INTEGRATE A NUMBER O TECHNOLOGIES TO MAKE THAT WORK WE HAVE A COMPUTER THAT SITS O YOUR WI-FI THAT'S CONNECTED TO THE INTERNET AND CONNECTED T THE REST OF THE NETWORK IN YOU HOUSE.

THAT'S THE CONNECTIVITY IN THE BRAIN.

BUT THE BEAUTY OF THIS IS THAT THE ART ITSELF, THIS PICTURE HANGING ON THE WALL IS A VERY, VERY THIN FLAT PANEL SPEAKER THE BIGGER THE SPEAKER, TH BETTER THE SOUND BUT THE EXPERIENCE OF THE USER IS INCREDIBLY SIMPLE WALK INTO THE HOUSE, GET YOU PHONE OUT, PLAY MUSIC FROM WHATEVER YOU WANT TO PLAY FROM AND SAY, PUT THAT ON THE WALL.

WE'RE NOT JUST TALKING ABOU STICKING SPEAKERS IN THE BACK OF THE CANVAS OF THE ART.

YOU'RE SAYING THERE'S SOMETHIN ELSE HERE?

DIFFERENT THAN THE SPEAKERS THAT WE ALL ARE FAMILIAR WIT WHICH ARE KIND OF BIG AND DEEP WHAT THESE ARE, IT'S A SPECIAL TECHNOLOGY THAT CONNECTS TO FLAT SURFACE THAT NEEDS TO B VERY STIFF AND VERY LIGHT LIKE WHAT WE USE.

IT VIBRATES THE BACK OF THAT SURFACE AND CREATES SOUND WAVE ACROSS THE ART THE SOUND IS VERY DISTINCTIVE, CLEAR, BEAUTIFUL SOUNDING MUSIC.

IT'S A COMBINATION OF THESE COOL TECHNOLOIES THAT ARE JUS COMING TOGETHER NOW.

DISTRIBUTED MODE CAPABILITY, THE WIRELESS, THE PHONE, THOSE ALL COME TOGETHER INTO SOMETHING THAT IS UNIQUE

SO WHAT MADE YOU WANT TO TR THIS WHY THIS FUSION OF ART AND SOUND?

IT COMES DOWN TO REALLY THE INSPIRATION FOR US WAS THAT WANTED TO HAVE A SPEAKER FOR M BEDROOM.

I LOOKED AROUND AND ALL TH SPEAKERS ARE, WELL, UGLY I DIDN'T WANT TO HAVE SOMETHIN UGLY IN MY ROOM.

SO I THOUGHT, WELL, THERE OUGH TO BE SOMETHING THAT'S BEAUTIFUL.

SO THAT ENDED UP BEING THE INSPIRATION.

AT THE END OF THE DAY THAT I THE MARKET THAT ATTRACTED PEOPLE LOOKING FOR SOMETHIN FUNCTIONAL NOW THAT'S AVAILABLE

THERE'S ALWAYS BEEN A MARKE FOR VERY, VERY HIGH END AUDI FILES.

TUBES INSIDE OF SPEAKERS O COMPANIES LIKE BANG AND OL OFFSON THAT HAVE MADE SPACE AG THINGS THAT PRODUCE SOUND.

YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT TAKIN SOMETHING THAT'S ALREADY IN LOT OF PEOPLE'S HOMES, THE ARTWORK OR WHAT WE WOULD CONSIDER THE PAINTING ON THE WALL AND TURNING THAT INTO A BLEND OF SORT OF AN OL TECHNOLOGY WHICH MIGHT BE PAIN ON CANVAS AND A NEW TECHNOLOGY WHICH IS A THIN FILM THAT' GOING TO TURN THE WHOLE THIN INTO A SPEAKER

ABSOLUTELY.

WE'RE VERY EXCITED ABOUT WHAT WE SEE AS THIS MERGING OF ART AND TECHNOLOGY, DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY WE LIVE IN A WORLD NOW WHERE THE TECHNOLOGY PEOPLE ARE BECOMING A LOT -- THEY NOW HAVE THI TECHNOLOGY SO THIS MERGING OF DESIGN AN TECHNOLOGY COMING TOGETHER I WHERE WE SEE SOUND WALL FITTIN AND WHERE WE BELIEVE WE'RE REALLY IN THE EARLY DAYS OF THAT WE'RE GOING TO OVER TIME WHY WOULDN'T YOUR HOUSE BE FULL OF SMART OBJECTS THAT YOU CAN CONTROL FROM YOUR PHONE THAT MAKE YOUR LIFE BETTER AND MAKE YOUR ENVIRONMENT BETTER.

DAVID HOSE OF SOUND WALL, THANKS SO MUCH FOR YOUR TIME

ABSOLUTELY.

THANK YOU.

> IN THIS NEXT SEGMENT WE TAKE YOU ON AN ADVENTURE TO EXPLORE THE SIGHTS AND SOUNDS OF MOOSE IN THE WILD.

MOOSE ARE THE LARGEST DEER I THE WORLD AND YOU'LL SEE AT TH AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.

MOOSE ARE DEER.

THEY'RE THE LARGEST LIVING DEE ANYWHERE ON THE PLANET LIKE ALL DEER THERE'S ON EXCEPTION.

THEY HAVE A MALE SIGNALING DEVICE ANNOUNCING I'M BIGGER THAN YOU AND I HAVE BIGGER ANTLERS SO YOU BETTER MOVE ON.

I'M ROSS McPHEE, CURATOR OF TH NATURAL MUSEUM IN NEW YORK CITY.

THE THEME OF THE MOOSE IS BASE ON A VERY EXACT REPRODUCTION O CONDITIONS ON THE PENINSULA UP IN ALASKA.

THE TINY DEER WOULD BE THE FOEL, SEPTEMBER TO OCTOBER WHEN TH MATING SEASON TAKES PLACE.

WHAT YOU'RE SEEING IS BEHAVIOR IN ACTION.

WHAT YOU'RE SEEING IS TWO MALE MOOSE IN COMBAT FOR ACCESS T FEMALES.

WHAT THIS IS MEANT TO INVOKE I THE VIEWER IS A SENSE OF HOW DOES MATING TAKE PLACE IN VERY LARGE MAMMALS LIKE MOOSE AND THE CONDITION IN WHICH THEY LIVE WHAT I INTERPRET IS YOU HAVE THE FEMALE STANDING BEHIND ONE O THE MALES.

THIS WAS THE MALE WHO WA GUARDING THIS PARTICULAR FEMAL AND THE ONE OVER ON TH RIGHT-HAND SIDE REPRESENTS A INTERLOPEZER ONE WAY TO THINK ABOUT IT IN COMBAT, IT'S NOT REALLY WHAT YOU THINK, THAT THE EFFORT IS TO GORE THE OTHER IT'S MORE OF A PUSHING CONTEST WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT TH GUY WHO'S IN BETTER SHAPE AND IS ABLE TO MOVE THE OTHER OUT O THE WAY IS, IN FACT, GOING TO BE THE VICTOR THIS MOOSE, THEY SPEND THEIR LIVES IN KIND OF A DIFFERENT SENSORY WORLD FROM OURS.

SMELL AND HEARING ARE VERY MUC MORE IMPORTANT THAN THEY TEND TO BE FOR HUMANS.

WHAT HAPPENS IN THE AVERAG MATING SITUATION, THE FEMALE ANNOUNCE THEIR PRESENCE BY DROPPING URINE, PARTICULARLY I WATER.

IT MAKES A LOUD NOISE.

AND THE MALES AROUND WILL BE SPRAYING THEMSELVES WITH URINE WHICH IS AN ANNOUNCEMENT O THEIR PRESENCE AND ALSO THEI CONDITION.

NONE OF THIS IS BEING CARRIED ON ON WHAT WE WOULD CALL TH CONSCIOUS LEVEL.

IT'S INSTINCT AND GENETI IMPRINTING THE WAY I LIKE TO THINK ABOU ANTLERS, PARTICULARLY IN MOOSE YES, THEY DO PLAY A ROLE I DEFENSE BUT IT'S ALL ABOUT SEXUAL SIGNALING THEY HAVE A SOCIAL EFFECT.

WHAT THE ANTLERS ARE BROADCASTING, PARTICULARLY MALES IN THEIR PRIME WHICH WOULD B BETWEEN THE 6th AND 10th YEAR OF LIFE IS I'M BUSTING WITH ENERGY.

I'M AT THE TOP OF MY FORM AN THE FEMALES ARE GOING TO RESPOND TO THAT.

SO THE CLASSIC IDEA OF SEXUA SELECTION, DARWIN YAN SELECTIO THAT THE SPOILS GO TO TH VICTOR SO YOU HAVE COMBAT BETWEEN MALES.

THE FEMALE IS LARGELY PASSIVE.

WHOEVER WINS, WINS HER WHEN THIS WAS PUT TOGETHER I THE 1950s, IT WAS NOT WELL UNDERSTOOD THAT FEMALE CHOIC EXISTED.

WHAT WE'VE LEARNED SINCE THEN IS THAT FEMALES UNDER MAN CIRCUMSTANCES ARE EXERTING A CHOICE ROLE ALL THE WAY ALONG.

AS THE FEMALE IS MOVING MORE INTO HER RECEPTIVE PERIOD, SHE STARTS MAKING VERY DISTINCTIVE VOCALIZATIONS.

WHAT THIS IS TELLING YOU IS THAT SHE'S LOOKED OVER WHO'S ON THE LOT AT THE MOMENT AND SHE'S NO TOO IMPRESSED.

IT'S AN ANNOUNCEMENT THA ANYBODY ELSE OUT THERE, GIVE I A SHOT THERE IS FOR EXAMPLE IN MOST MOOSE POPULATIONS ONLY A LIMITED TIME DURING WHICH MATING ACTUALLY TAKES PLACE THE SEXUAL ACT IS USUALL RESTRICTED TO A PERIOD OF LESS THAN A DAY WHAT'S REALLY IMPORTANT IS WHE FEMALE AND THE MALE KIND O AGREED ON WHO'S WHO, SHE'S GOING TO BE COVERED BY THE MALE.

SHE'S NOT GOING TO FIGHT HIM OFF.

THIS IS WHEN SHE'S OF LATED AN BOTH ARE PRIMED FOR THE SEX ACT.

IF SHE'S SUCCESSFULLY BRED A THIS POINT SHE'S OUT OF THER AND THE MALE IS STILL HIGHLY CHARGED BY TESTOSTERONE.

HE MAY GO AND TRY TO FIN ANOTHER MATE

ALASKA HAS THE HIGHES POPULATION OF MOOSE IN THE U.S FOLLOWED BY MAINE.

AND THAT WRAPS IT UP FOR THI TIME FOR MORE ON SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION, VISIT OU WEBSITE OR CHECK US OUT ON FACEBOOK AND JOIN TH CONVERSATION ON TWITTER.

UNTIL NEXT TIME, THANKS FO WATCHING

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WA MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.

-- Captions by VITAC - www.vitac.co