SciTech Now Episode 25

Episode twenty-five of SciTech Now brings you the latest breakthroughs in science, technology and innovation. We meet veterans trying to make it in business and the tech experts behind some of the world’s biggest events.

TRANSCRIPT

COMING UP, FROM THE BATTLEFIELD TO THE TECH MARKET

THE VETERANS COME OUT, AND WE ALREADY HAVE THAT WORKIN MIND-SET IT'S A DIFFERENT GOAL THAT WE'RE TRYING TO ACHIEVE, BUT THE SKILL SET IS THERE

THE TECH BEHIND ENTERTAINMENT'S MAGIC MOMENTS.

WHEN YOU DO A GOOD SHOW, YO KNOW THERE'S SOMETHING ABOUT IT.

YOU KNOW THAT IT'S HAPPENING AND YOU FEEL IT IN YOUR DNA.

THE SEARCH TO SAVE TH STARFISH

THEY GET WHITE LESIONS.

THEY BECOME NECROTIC -- THAT MEANS THE TISSUE DIES -- AND THEN WASTE AWAY.

THEY DISINTEGRATE.

A TECH CONNECTION FOR SENIORS.

THE USER KNOWING HOW TO PINCH TO ZOOM OR DOUBLE-TAP -- THESE AREN'T INNATE HUMAN WAYS O INTERACTING.

IT'S ALL AHEAD.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM IS MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.

HELLO. I'M HARI SREENIVASAN WELCOME TO 'SciTech NOW,' OU WEEKLY PROGRAM BRINGING YOU TH LATEST BREAKTHROUGHS IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION LET'S GET STARTED.

EVERY DAY, VETERANS ARE COMING HOME AND FINDING IT DIFFICULT TO TRANSITION INTO CIVILIAN LIFE.

FIRST LADY MICHELLE OBAMA AN DR. JILL BIDEN CREATED A ORGANIZATION TO GIVE VETERAN THE TOOLS NEEDED TO SUCCEE AFTER COMPLETING THEIR MILITAR SERVICE.

ENTREPRENEURS AND TECH LAB ACROSS THE COUNTRY ARE DOING THEIR PART, AS WELL, B IMPLEMENTING PROGRAMS TO HEL VETS NAVIGATE EVOLVING TECHNOLOGIES AND TO APPLY THEI VITAL MILITARY SKILLS AS ENTREPRENEURS.

WE ENTER ONE LAB TO SEE HOW IT'S DONE

[ SPEAKING INDISTINCTLY ] THE NEXT CHAPTER IN THE HISTOR OF WALL STREET IS BEING WRITTE RIGHT NOW.

MOST OF WHAT I DO WILL BE DRIVEN TOWARD, AGAIN, JUST AIDING OTHER VETERANS.

THEY'RE THE PEOPLE THAT I WANT TO WORK FOR ME THEY'RE THE PEOPLE THAT I WANT TO WORK FOR.

THERE ARE 21.8 MILLIO VETERANS IN THE UNITED STATES.

AND IT IS ESTIMATED THAT B SEPTEMBER 2015, CLOSE TO 12 MILLION VETERANS UNDER TH AGE OF 65 WILL BE LOOKING FO THEIR NEXT OPPORTUNITY

I WAS IN THE COAST GUARD FO 8 YEARS, 10 MONTHS I LIKE TO TELL PEOPL NINE YEARS [ LAUGHS ] I LOVED THE COAST GUARD.

IT WAS DEFINITELY SOMETHING WISH I WOULD'VE CONTINUED TO PURSUE I GOT INJURED, SO, NOW, I' USING THE OPPORTUNITY AN EVERYTHING THAT THE COAST GUAR HAS GIVEN ME TO BE ABLE TO START MY OWN SMALL BUSINESS.

THE ENTREPRENEURSHIP VETERANS BOOTCAMP AT PACE UNIVERSITY IN NEW YORK IS AN EXAMPLE OF HO NUMEROUS ORGANIZATIONS ACROS THE COUNTRY ARE ANSWERING TH JOINING-FORCES CALL.

SO, YOU JUST DRAG YOUR BORDER DOWN AND JUST PLACE IT OVER TH SURFACE.

PROGRAMS LIKE THESE, ESPECIALL BOOT CAMPS WHICH FOCUS O UNDERSTANDING VERY BASICS OF TECHNOLOGY OR ENTREPRENEURSHIP OR ANY OTHER SKILL, AR IMPORTANT FOR ANY VETERAN, BECAUSE THEY ARE TRYING TO TRANSFER THEIR SKILLS LIKE DEDICATION, TIME MANAGEMENT.

THEY LEARN ALL THESE SKILLS IN THE MILITARY BUT IF THEY WANT TO TRANSFER THESE TO A CORPORATE ENVIRONMENT, THEY NEED TO GET LITTLE BIT OF UNDERSTANDING OF HOW THINGS WORK OUT HERE IF THEY KNOW HOW TO DO THE BASICS OF HTML OR JavaScript O SOME PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE, THE THEY CAN GO AHEAD AND BUILD BUSINESS OUT OF IT

THE VETERANS ENTREPRENEURSHIP BOOTCAMP IS DESIGNED AROUND TW CENTRAL IDEAS -- A HANDS-O FOCUS ON PRACTICAL TRAINING, INVENTOR CREATION, AND GROWTH, AND THE APPLICATION OF TECHNOLOGIES FROM WEBSIT BUILDING TO 3-D PRINTING

AS A VETERAN ENTREPRENEUR, IF YOU'RE INTERESTED IN STARTING NEW BUSINESS, KNOWLEDGE OF TECHNOLOGY TOOLS, EVEN THE BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF HOW TO CREATE A WEBSITE AND HOW TO 3-D PRINT SIMPLE PRODUCTS CAN HELP YOU I THE FUTURE CAPTURE OPPORTUNITIES WHICH MIGHT COME YOUR WAY.

EVERYTHING I HAVE LEARNED, AM APPLYING IT, LIKE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE WEBSITE.

I DON'T EVEN KNOW HOW TO USE THE TECHNIQUES THAT I GET HERE, SO I'M WORKING ON THAT.

I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE GOOD TO GET A FEELING FOR WHAT IS TH ENTREPRENEURIAL ECOSYSTEM?

I'M INTERESTED IN ALL THINGS ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND I DIDN'T SERVE IN TH MILITARY AND I THOUGHT THIS COULD BE GREAT WAY FOR ME TO DO SOMETHING FOR THOSE THAT DID SERVE DO YOU NEED A PARTNER WHO' REALLY GOOD AT MARKET RESEARCH OR DO YOU NEED A PARTNER WHO'S REALLY GOOD AT TECHNOLOGY?

I THOUGHT COMBINING OU STRENGTHS IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP, BEING A MILITARY-FRIENDL SCHOOL, THIS WOULD BE SOMETHIN THAT WOULD MAKE SENSE.

AND IT GAVE ME A LOT OF PERSONAL SATISFACTION TO BE ABLE TO HEL THOSE THAT SERVED.

I WAS A U.S. NAVY CORPSMAN, SO I WAS A COMBAT MEDIC WITH THE MARINE CORPS ANY MARINE CORPS UNIT THAT GO ON DEPLOYMENT, WE WOULD GO OUT WITH THEM WE WERE THE FIRST RESPONDERS IF THEY GOT SHOT, WE WERE THER TO PATCH THEM UP

FOR MANY VETERANS, THIS IS CHANCE TO START OVER AND APPLY SKILLS LEARNED IN THE MILITARY TO CIVILIAN LIFE

YOU DO LEARN IN THE MILITAR THAT THERE'S A LEVEL O TOLERANCE AND A LEVEL OF, GUESS, ARROGANCE SO WHAT YOU HAVE TO BE ABLE TO DO IS MITIGATE THAT RISK BUT STILL BE ACCEPTING OF IT BEING ABLE TO DO THAT IN A HIGH-INTENSITY SITUATION SUCH AS A STARTUP BUSINESS WHERE YOU'R ALREADY WORKING 16 HOURS A DAY OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, TH VETERANS COME OUT, AND W ALREADY HAVE THAT WORKIN MIND-SET IT'S SOMETHING THAT WE'RE USED TO DOING IT'S A DIFFERENT INDUSTRY.

IT'S A DIFFERENT GOAL THAT WE'RE TRYING TO ACHIEVE, BUT THE SKILL SET IS THERE

A LOT OF PEOPLE WOULD THINK THEY'RE DIAMETRICALLY OPPOSED.

MILITARY TAKE ORDERS, JUST D WHAT YOU'RE TOLD, WHER ENTREPRENEURIAL IS MUCH MORE CREATIVE THINKING.

BUT I THINK THERE IS A LOT O OVERLAP.

IN THE UNITED STATES, 9% OF BUSINESSES ARE OWNED B VETERANS, AND 5.8 MILLION PEOPLE ARE EMPLOYED BY VETERAN-OWNE BUSINESSES

I HAVE A CONSTRUCTION BUSINESS G&J LEADING CONSTRUCTION INC I MY COMPANY AND I WAS SEARCHING ABOU OPPORTUNITIES THAT THE CONSTRUCTION FIELD HAS SO I THOUGHT THERE WAS A LOT O OPPORTUNITIES, ESPECIALLY FOR WOMAN OWNING A SMALL BUSINESS, DISABLED VETERAN, MINORITY THE BENEFITS THAT THIS WORKSHO OFFERS IS GREAT.

EVERYTHING THAT ENTREPRENEUR NEED TO KNOW BASICALLY TO STAR A BUSINESS IS VERY IMPORTANT

THROUGH THE PROGRAM, VETERANS ALSO CREATE A COMMUNITY AN LEARN FROM ONE ANOTHER NOT ONL ABOUT HOW TO BE ENTREPRENEURIA BUT ALSO ABOUT HOW TO MOVE ON.

AND THEN WE MELT IT DOWN AN MAKE THE NEW ONE

BEING THAT THE PROGRAM IS ONLY OPEN TO VETERANS, IT WOUL BE DIFFICULT FOR SOMEONE WHO HADN'T HAD THAT KIND O EXPERIENCE TO COMMUNICATE WITH THEM SO WHEN I GO OUT, AND I TALK T PEOPLE, IT'S THE FIRST THING THAT I SAY, BECAUSE IT BUILDS RAPPORT.

AND I KNOW THAT THEY KNOW THAT I HAVE THE SAME SET OF SKILLS AN THE SAME LEVEL OF DRIVE THAT THEY DO.

AND THEY KNOW THAT I'M GONNA HELP THEM ACCOMPLISH THE GOALS THAT THEY WANT TO GET DONE

AVID VIDEO-GAMER.

LOVE IT, PASSIONATELY.

WHEN YOU'RE PLAYING A GAME, YO COULD STREAM IT SO OTHER PEOPL COULD WATCH IT MY THOUGHT WAS, WHY NOT BRING IT TO THE COUCHES OF PEOPLE AND HAVE A WHOLE NETWORK FOR IT?

THAT'S THE IDEA I CAME IN HERE WITH

I WOULD LIKE THAT, LIKE, THIS TYPE OF WORKSHOP BE A LITTLE BIT MORE PUBLICIZED, BECAUSE I KNO THAT IF A LOT OF VETERANS COME HERE AND TAKE THIS, TH BENEFICIAL IS GONNA BE GREAT

THE VETERANS BOOTCAMP I AWESOME.

[ LAUGHS ] IT'S GREAT. YEAH

FROM THE SUPER BOWL TO TH OLYMPICS, FROM CONCERT TOURS T BROADWAY SHOWS, BEHIND MANY OF ENTERTAINMENT'S BIGGEST MOMENT IS STATE-OF-THE-ART TECHNOLOGY JOINING ME NOW IS JERE HARRIS, FOUNDER, CHAIRMAN, AND C.E.O. OF PRODUCTION RESOURCE GROUP, ONE OF THE LEADING COMPANIES IN NE TECHNOLOGIES FOR LIGHTING, SET DESIGN, AND MORE IN TH ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY SO, WHAT'S INTERESTING TO ME IS, AS A VIEWER, SOME OF THE THING THAT I THINK ABOUT ARE TH LIGHTING AND THE SET DESIGN, RIGHT?

I THINK ABOUT WHETHER TH OPENING CEREMONIES AT TH OLYMPICS WORKED OR NOT, AND I' PROBABLY MORE LIKELY TO SEE WHEN SOMETHING GO RIGHT BUT, REALLY, A LOT OF TECH AND A LOT OF WORK IS GOING ON BEHIND THE SCENES TO MAKE IT WHAT I IS

AN ENORMOUS AMOUNT.

TODAY, IT'S ALL ABOUT NETWORKING AND MANAGING COMPUTERS 25 YEARS AGO, WE WERE A CRAF INDUSTRY WITH MAYBE 10% TO 15% TECHNOLOGY TODAY, WE'RE A TECHNOLOG INDUSTRY DRIVEN BY CRAFT

SO, GIVE US AN EXAMPLE OF SOME OF THE TECHNOLOGY THAT'S IN THE INDUSTRY NOW THAT WE, AS PEOPLE AT HOME WATCHING, WOULDN'T BE THINKING ABOUT

WE USE A LOT OF D.O.D FIBER-OPTIC NETWORKS YOU MENTIONED THE OLYMPICS AND ON THOSE TYPE PROJECTS OR IN A LARGE FOOTBALL STADIUM -- SA SUPER BOWL HALFTIME SHOW - WE'RE RUNNING COMMUNICATIONS OVER THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF FEET OF NETWORK O CABLE.

AND SO THE CHALLENGE USED TO BE, WE'D HAVE TO HAVE 8, 10, 1 DIFFERENT CONTROLLERS.

AND TODAY, BECAUSE OF A NON-SEXY TYPE OF APPLICATION, W DEVELOPED A POWER AND DATA TRANSMISSION PRODUCT WHICH W CALL SERIES 400 WHICH MAKES AL THAT HAPPEN FROM ONE REMOT LOCATION

LET'S SAY THE SUPER BOW HALFTIME SHOW -- IT'S NOT FIXED STAGE WHERE YOU CAN GO AND KICK THE TIRES EVERY DAY IT USED TO -- YOU KNOW, I' THINKING OF PEOPLE WITH THES BIG SWITCHES, ON AND OFF NOT ANYMORE.

NOW WE'RE TALKING ABOU EVERYTHING BEING RUN B KEYBOARDS AND PRE-ORCHESTRATED AND ON TIME CUES

CORRECT THE KEY TO THE SUPER BOW HALFTIME SHOW IS, ONE, THERE'S A LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO MAK ALL THAT HAPPEN IN A VERY SHOR PERIOD OF TIME SO THERE'S HUNDREDS OF PEOPL THAT BRING THAT SET ONTO THE STAGE.

AND THEN THE TRICK TO IT I MAKING IT ALL CONNECT AND MAKING IT ALL CONNECT IN A WAY WHIC DOESN'T REQUIRE A LOT OF COMPLICATION SO, AGAIN, IT'S THE APPLICATIO OF TECHNOLOGY.

IT'S FINDING SIMPLER, SMARTE WAYS IN ORDER TO MAKE THAT HAPPEN AND THE ONE THING ABOUT LIVE TELEVISION, ESPECIALLY, IS THA YOU ONLY HAVE ONE CHANCE

SO, NOW, BESIDES JUST PROVIDING THE EQUIPMENT, YOU'V STARTED TO DESIGN SOME OF TH TECHNOLOGY KIND OF MOVING THIS INDUSTRY FORWARD WHAT IS A 3-D STEREOSCOPIC PROJECTION DOME?

WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?

FOR LACK OF A BETTE DESCRIPTION, A PORTABLE THEM PARK ATTRACTION.

IN THAT APPLICATION, WE'RE TAKING ALMOST LIKE A BLOW-UP TENNIS DOME, BUT ON STEROIDS AND INSIDE THAT, WE'RE GONNA CREATE A LIVE, INTERACTIVE EXPERIENCE FOR AN AUDIENCE THA TOURS LIKE A ROCK TOUR IT'LL BE UNIQUE, AND IT'S GONN BE CUTTING-EDGE, NOT SO MUCH FROM THE APPLICATIONS OF THE DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES THAT WE HAVE THERE, BUT FROM THE APPLICATION OF WE'RE GONNA TAK A THEME-PARK ATTRACTION, A CONCERT TOUR, A BROADWAY SHOW, A MOTION PICTURE FEATURE, AND TR AND GET THE IMPACT OF ALL OF THOSE THINGS INTO ONE PLACE AT AN AFFORDABLE PRICE FOR TH CONSUMER

WHAT IS IT THAT IT TAKES TO CREATE AN EXPERIENCE

WHEN YOU DO A GOOD SHOW, YO KNOW THERE'S SOMETHING ABOUT IT.

YOU KNOW THAT IT'S HAPPENING AND YOU FEEL IT IN YOUR DNA OR IN YOUR GENES.

AND THE THEATER IS THE GENESIS OR THE BEGINNING OF WHERE TH COMPANY ORIGINATED FROM.

BUT EACH ONE OF THE DISCIPLINE THAT WE NOW OPERATE IN ON GLOBAL BASIS HAS ITS OWN SPECIALTY TO IT.

NOW BIG PRESS EVENTS -- TH LAUNCH OF A NEW PRODUCT FOR MAJOR AUTOMOTIVE COMPANY -- THEY ARE AS TECHNICALLY COMPLEX AND SOMETIMES COMPLEX THAN WHA WE DO DAY-IN, DAY-OUT ON BROADWAY, BECAUSE, AGAIN, IT'S A ONE-TIME EVENT

ALL RIGHT JERE HARRIS FROM PRODUCTION RESOURCE GROUP.

THANKS SO MUCH

PLEASURE. NICE TO MEET YOU.

A DEADLY DISEASE HAS BEEN WIPING OUT WEST-COAST STARFISH FOR MORE THAN A YEAR IT'S CALLED SEA STAR WASTING SYNDROME, AND IT CAUSES STARFISH TO DIE IN A PARTICULARLY GRUESOME FASHION ONE PLACE THAT'S HELD OFF TH DISEASE THE LONGEST IS ALASKA.

SCIENTISTS RECENTLY TRAVELED THERE TO SEARCH FOR NEW CLUES.

KATIE CAMPBELL HAS THE STORY

IT'S EARLY MORNING IN SITKA ALASKA THE STARS HAVE YET TO FADE FRO THE NIGHT SKY.

I'M GONNA HAND YOU THIS BAG AND THEN I'LL JUMP OFF

AND A GROUP OF SCIENTISTS I SETTING OUT TO LOOK FOR DIFFERENT KIND OF STAR

OKAY.

SEA STARS, COMMONLY KNOWN A STARFISH, HAVE BEEN VANISHIN FROM ALASKA'S SHORELINE.

PETE RAIMONDI IS ONE OF THE LEAD SCIENTISTS STUDYING AN ALARMIN EPIDEMIC THAT'S BEEN KILLING STARFISH BY THE MILLIONS

THESE CRACKS, IN THE PREVIOUS YEARS, THEY'VE BEEN FULL, GUYS YOU GUYS DIDN'T GET ANY LAST TIME, EITHER, DID YOU, BACK IN JUNE

THIS IS IF YOU FOUND

RAIMONDI AND RESEARCHER MELISSA MINER HAVE BEE CONDUCTING INTENSIVE SURVEYS O PACIFIC COASTAL AREAS, TRACKIN THE SPREAD OF THE DISEASE.

ALMOST EVERYWHERE WE'VE LOOKED IN THE LAST YEAR, WE'VE SEEN CATASTROPHIC LOSSES O SEA STARS.

RAIMONDI POUNDS BOLTS INT ROCKS SO THAT YEAR AFTER YEAR, THEY CAN FIND AND SURVEY THE SAME AREAS ONCE THEY'VE ROPED OFF A PATCH OF SHORELINE, THE TEAM COUNT AND MEASURES THE CREATURES THA LIVE HERE.

...40...30.

SITKA WAS ONE OF THE FIRS PLACES THEY NOTICED SIGNS OF THE DISEASE LAST YEAR.

EIGHT

I HAVE A MILDLY SICK LEPTA.

NOW THE TEAM IS BACK TO CHECK ON THE STARS

70. 70.

THE QUESTION IS, WILL STARFISH IN THE COOL WATERS OF ALASKA SURVIVE THIS OUTBREAK

100

OR WILL THEY, TOO, SUCCUMB?

YOU GUYS HAVEN'T SEEN MAN JUVENILES?

NO, I HAVEN'T SEEN ANY.

I'VE GOT ONE MILDLY SIC LEPTA.

IT'S DEFINITELY NOT SEVEREL WASTED, BUT THOSE ARE WHAT WE'RE CALLING EARLY WARNING SIGNS OF WASTING.

SO, THIS IS THE BEGINNINGS O TWO SEPARATE LESIONS AND SOMETIMES WHAT WE'LL SEE I THOSE WILL GROW TOGETHER, AND, ACTUALLY, THE WHOLE TISSUE WIL START TO KIND OF DEGRADE

THE SYMPTOMS VARY, DEPENDIN ON THE SPECIES OF STARFISH BUT IT USUALLY STARTS THE SAME WAY.

THEY GET WHITE LESIONS.

THEY BECOME NECROTIC -- THAT MEANS THE TISSUE DIES.

AND AS THE TISSUE DIES, THEY OFTENTIMES WILL LOSE ARMS AN THEN WASTE AWAY.

WE CALL IT WASTING AWAY.

THEY DISINTEGRATE.

SOMETIMES, THEY GET LESIONS AND THEIR INTERNAL ORGANS STAR TO KIND OF SPILL OUT OF THES LESIONS.

AND THAT CAN HAPPEN WITHIN 24, 48 HOURS SO IT CAN BE REALLY QUICK.

STARFISH DEATHS WERE FIRS REPORTED IN THE SUMMER OF 2013 ON WASHINGTON'S OLYMPI PENINSULA.

REPORTS HAVE SINCE SURFACE ALONG THOUSANDS OF MILES O NORTH AMERICA'S PACIFIC SHORES SEA STAR WASTING SYNDROM AFFECTS ALMOST EVERY SPECIES O WEST-COAST STARFISH.

THE PLAGUE HAS HIT SO HARD OVE THE LAST YEAR THAT BIOLOGIST FEAR THAT SOME SPECIES COULD EVEN GO EXTINCT.

SCIENTISTS HAVE BEEN SCRAMBLIN TO FIND ANSWERS.

SO, THIS IS A HEALTHY NO SIGNS OF LESIONS.

DREW HARVELL IS COORDINATIN NATIONWIDE RESEARCH INTO UNDERSTANDING THE WASTIN SYNDROME SHE'S BEEN STUDYING MARINE DISEASES FOR DECADES

THIS IS THE LARGEST DISEASE OUTBREAK THAT WE KNOW OF EVER IN THE OCEANS, IN TERMS OF TH NUMBERS OF SPECIES AFFECTED, I TERMS OF THE GEOGRAPHIC SCALE, AND IN TERMS OF THE MORTALIT THAT'S ASSOCIATED WITH IT.

AFTER ANALYZING COUNTLESS SAMPLES IN THE LAB, HARVELL' TEAM BELIEVES AN INFECTIOU PATHOGEN, A TYPE OF DENSOVIRUS MAY BE THE ROOT OF THE PROBLEM

THIS IS WHAT WE CALL A WIDE HOST RANGE PATHOGEN.

IT MEANS THAT IT AFFECTS MAN DIFFERENT SPECIES.

AND THOSE ARE THE MOST DANGEROUS IN WILDLIFE DISEASE, IN TERMS OF A POTENTIAL RISK OF EXTINCTION

THEY'VE LEARNED THE SYNDROM SEEMS TO SPREAD THROUGH WATE AND THROUGH PHYSICAL CONTACT AND THEY'RE TESTING A HYPOTHESIS THAT THE PATHOGEN MAY BE TRANSFERRED THROUGH SHELLFISH, WHICH STARFISH LIKE TO EAT EXACTLY WHAT TRIGGERS THES OUTBREAKS IS STILL UNKNOWN BUT SCIENTISTS THINK THE DISEASE COULD BE COMPOUNDED BY WARMING WATERS STARFISH ARE STRESSED BY HIGHE TEMPERATURES, WHICH MAKE THE MORE VULNERABLE TO INFECTION HARVELL HAS BEEN KEEPING AN EY ON THE ONCE-ABUNDANT STARFIS POPULATIONS AROUND WASHINGTON' SAN JUAN ISLANDS COLD WATERS HERE MAY HAVE HELPED STARFISH WITHSTAND THE FIRST WAVE OF THE DISEASE.

BUT SUMMERTIME BROUGHT WAR WATERS TO THE ISLANDS.

AND HARVELL AND HER TEAM WATCHED STARS SUDDENLY GET SICK.

I'M EXPECTING THAT IN THE NEXT TWO WEEKS, WE WILL LOSE VIRTUALLY ALL THE STARS AT THI SITE

AND THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT HAPPENED ALL THE STARFISH THAT WERE HER ARE NOW GONE AS OUTBREAKS CONTINUE IN PUGET SOUND, SCIENTISTS AR LOOKING NORTH FOR A SIGN O HOPE

THE HOPE IS THAT THE WATERS ARE COLD ENOUGH IN ALASKA, THE NORTHERN PART OF THE RANGE FOR MANY OF THESE SPECIES, THA THEY'LL PERSIST THERE.

THIS SUMMER, MELISSA MINE WAS HOPEFUL THAT WOULD BE TH CASE

THIS IS ONE OF THE FEW PLACES THAT COULD POTENTIALLY BE SOURCE OF REPLENISHMENT FOR SOME OF THESE AREAS THAT HAVE BEE HIT REALLY HARD.

BACK IN SITKA, TROUBLE IS O THE HORIZON.

IN RECENT MONTHS, WATE TEMPERATURES HERE HAVE BEE HIGHER THAN NORMAL A BAND OF WARM PACIFIC WATER I EXPECTED TO TRAVEL FARTHER NORTH, HEATING UP THE WATERS HERE EVEN MORE TO PREPARE, RAIMONDI I INSTALLING SENSORS TO MEASUR THE WATER TEMPERATURE.

AND, SO, WE'LL GET REALLY GOOD RECORDS OVER THE NEXT YEA OF TEMPERATURE AND THEN WE CAN SEE WHETHER THAT RELATES TO ANY CHANGE IN THE DISEASE THAT WE SEE AT THI PARTICULAR SITE.

AND WE WANT TO SEE WHETHER W GET A SIGNAL OF WARM WATER WIT WASTING HERE

THAT WAY, IF A MASS DIE-OFF OCCURS, THEY'LL KNOW THE EXACT OCEAN CONDITIONS

70 ANOTHER 70

THERE'S NOTHING THE RESEARCHERS CAN DO TO PREVENT AN OUTBREAK BUT THEY CAN COUNT AND MEASURE WHAT'S HERE NOW.

THEIR DATA WILL PROVIDE CRITICAL POINT OF COMPARISON FOR WHAT NORMAL STARFISH POPULATIONS SHOULD BE.

IF YOU DON'T KNOW WHAT' THERE, YOU DON'T KNOW WHAT'S LOST

BALANUS. ROCK ROCK. BALANUS.

[ SPEAKS INDISTINCTLY ] [ CAMERA BEEPS, SHUTTER CLICKS ]

THE RESULTS OF THE ALASKA INTERTIDAL SURVEYS ARE MIXED

SO, THIS ANIMAL HERE IS PROBABLY THE WORST ONE THA WE'VE SEEN TODAY AND YOU CAN SEE IT'S DISEASE PRETTY HEAVILY ALONG THIS ARM, AND THEN IT'S ALSO SPREADING ONTO THIS ARM.

THE GOOD THING IS THAT THERE'S NOT A REALLY HIGH PERCENTAGE O DISEASED ANIMALS

IT'S IMPOSSIBLE TO TELL WHETHER THE EPIDEMIC IS NEARLY FINISHED OR WHETHER ANOTHER MASS DIE-OFF IS JUST GETTING STARTED.

NOT KNOWING WHERE WE ARE IN THE CHRONOLOGY OF THIS EVENT I REALLY FRUSTRATING AND KIND OF SCARY.

AFTER LEAVING SITKA, RAIMONDI AND MINER BEGAN RECEIVIN DISTURBING REPORTS THE HEALTHY-LOOKING STARFISH THEY CAREFULLY COUNTED JUST DAYS BEFORE WERE SUDDENLY LOSING ARMS AND WASTING AWAY TIME WILL TELL WHETHER ALASK WILL BE A STARFISH GRAVEYARD O A REFUGE

FOR SOME SENIORS, TACKLIN THE LATEST IN TECH CAN OFTEN B OVERWHELMING IN THIS SEGMENT, WE LEARN ABOU A NEW TABLET THAT CAN BE CUSTOMIZED FOR SENIORS TO MAKE NAVIGATING THE WEB EASIER AND LOT OF FUN HERE'S THE STORY [ Ringing

JANICE HANSEN IS ON A VIDEO CHAT WITH HER DAUGHTER

HI.

HANSEN USES HER TABLET TO STAY CONNECTED WITH HER KIDS GRANDKIDS, EVEN A FE GREAT-GRANDKIDS.

BUT THIS ISN'T A STORY ABOUT HOW TECH-SAVVY SENIORS ARE DIALING IN TO THE LATEST APPS.

THIS IS A STORY ABOUT SOFTWARE THAT'S CUSTOM-BUILT FO GRANDPARENTS WHO'VE BEEN LEF BEHIND BY THE TECH REVOLUTION.

THE PROBLEM ISN'T WITH THEM IT'S WITH THE PEOPLE MAKING TH TECHNOLOGY iPADS AND iPHONES ARE WAY TO HARD FOR SOMEONE WHO'S 90 YEAR OLD AND WHO'S NEVER USED A COMPUTER

ISAAC HELPED CREATE THE grandPad

YOU BASICALLY HAVE TO ELIMINATE A LOT OF THE ASSUMPTIONS THAT YOU USUALLY HAVE IF YOU WERE DESIGNING MAYBE A TYPICAL MOBILE APP, THINGS LIKE THE USER KNOWING HOW TO PINCH TO ZOOM OR DOUBLE-TAP OR EVEN TO TOUCH THE SCREEN WIT THEIR FINGER THESE AREN'T INNATE HUMAN KIND OF WAYS OF INTERACTING SO WHAT WE'VE DONE INSTEAD I DESIGNED SOMETHING WITH 90-YEAR-OLD IN MIND.

ISAAC AND HIS FATHER, SCOTT BROUGHT grandPad TO LAUNCH LAB IN ORANGE, CALIFORNIA, A INCUBATOR FOR STARTUP COMPANIE LIKE THEIRS.

AS THEY DEVELOPED grandPad, THEY GOT RID OF THE TECHNOLOG BARRIERS THAT FRUSTRATE SENIORS.

NO LOGINS. NO PASSWORDS.

NO SOFTWARE UPDATES.

NO PLUG-INS. NO SPAM NO DOUBLE-CLICKING INSTEAD, THEY DEVELOPED A CLOSED SYSTEM, SAFE FROM INTERNET PREDATORS, WHERE SENIORS COULD E-MAIL, CALL, AND VIDEO-CHAT WITH LOVED ONES, SHARE PHOTO AND VIDEOS, LISTEN TO MUSIC, AND, MOST OF ALL, STAY CONNECTED.

BECAUSE THEY'RE CONNECTED THEY'RE IN THE FLOW OF E-MAILS AND PICTURES THAT THEY'R REACHING OUT AND WHEN THEY SEE THEI GRANDSON, THEY CAN SAY, 'HEY GREAT JOB AT THAT WRESTLIN TOURNAMENT I SAW YOU.

AND IT'S LIKE, 'WOW, GRANDMA HOW'D YOU SEE THAT?'

SO, IT'S ALL ABOUT REDUCIN ISOLATION AND LONELINESS ISOLATION LEADS TO LONELINESS.

LONELINESS LEADS TO DEPRESSION DEPRESSION LEADS TO ALL TYPES OF HEALTH ISSUES.

YEAH, IT'S VERY EASY.

THAT SOUNDS GOOD.

YEAH, IT'S GREAT.

THE grandPad TEAM DEMOS THE TABLET TO SENIORS, LIKE TH RESIDENTS OF THIS LIVING FACILITY IN SANTA MONICA BUT MOST OF THESE FOLKS TAKE SOME CONVINCING, WARY OF THE TECHNOLOGY ROADBLOCKS THEY'V HIT BEFORE

YEAH, I HAVE AN iPAD MYSELF AND I DO NOT USE IT TO ITS FUL CAPABILITIES NOT ONLY THAT, EVERY TIME I CALL UP MY GRANDCHILDREN TO ASK FOR HELP, THEY SAY, 'GRANDMA, WE ALREADY TOLD YOU THAT.

THE STORY IS THE SAME FOR EDITH SCIARONI SHE WAS TRYING TO FIGURE OUT HOW TO USE HER SMARTPHONE WHEN SHE DISCOVERED THE grandPad.

I SAID SOMETHING TO M DAUGHTER I SAID, 'MAYBE I SHOULD GO TAK A CLASS ON HOW TO USE TH SMARTPHONE.'

AND SHE SAYS, 'I DON'T KNOW.

[ LAUGHS ] SO THEN THIS CAME UP, AND SH SAID, 'THAT'S FOR YOU.

NOW THE PICTURES AND VIDEOS EVERYONE IN HER FAMILY SHARES ON SMARTPHONES GO TO HER grandPad TOO.

SCIARONI SAYS SHE FEEL RECONNECTED.

WE THINK IN THE UNITED STATES, THERE'S OVE 20 MILLION SENIORS WHO COULD BENEFIT.

AND THAT'S WHY WE'RE DOING THIS, IS TO HELP FOLKS THAT AR DISCONNECTED FROM THEI FAMILIES

HI! HOW ARE YOU

NOT ONLY IS JANICE HANSEN RECONNECTED WITH HER FAMILY, BUT SHE AND HER grandPad ARE THE LIFE OF THE PARTY DURING GET-TOGETHERS AT HER SENIO RESIDENCE.

AND I TOOK IT AND I SHOT THE WHOLE ROOM SO I'D HAVE SOMETHING TO SHOW AND, SO, I SHOWED EVERYBODY THAT I COULD WHAT WAS THERE AND ONE GUY SAID, 'OH, I DON'T LIKE THAT PICTURE.

YOU BETTER DELETE THAT.'

AND I SAYS, 'OKAY, LET'S TAK ANOTHER ONE.

[ LAUGHS ] AND I TOOK ANOTHER [ LAUGHS ] BUT IT'S FUN

IT'S ESTIMATED THAT 6 IN 10 SENIORS NOW GO ONLINE.

AND ALMOST 50% ALSO HAVE A HIGH-SPEED BROADBAND CONNECTIO AT HOME.

AND THAT WRAPS IT UP FOR THI TIME FOR MORE ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION, VISIT OU WEBSITE.

YOU CAN ALSO CHECK US OUT ON FACEBOOK AND JOIN TH CONVERSATION ON TWITTER.

UNTIL NEXT TIME, I'M HARI SREENIVASAN THANKS FOR WATCHING.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WA MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.