SciTech Now Episode 18

Episode eighteen of SciTech Now brings you the latest breakthroughs in science, technology and innovation. We meet scientists who are testing the upper limits of computing and explore new ways of telling stories in interactive spaces.

TRANSCRIPT

> COMING UP, A STORY OF RIVER'S RESURGENCE

ACTUALLY A PRETTY NEAT RIVER.

A LOT OF AWESOME FEATURES, WHICH IS WHY THEY WANT TO TURN IT INTO A WHITE WATER RAPID SITE

> QUANTUM COMPUTING.

WHAT IS IT

RATHER THAN COMPUTING FASTER, YOU CAN COMPUTE A LOT MORE INFORMATION.

IN THE SAME AMOUNT OF TIME

HIGH-TECH MOVIE MAGIC

THE NOTION OF DESIGN AND FILM IS HOW YOU FRAME, HOW DO YOU SIMULATE A STORY WITHIN AN ENVIRONMENT.

READING, WRITING AND CODING

THE CHILDREN TODAY ARE GOIN INTO A TEACHER WORKFORCE THAT' GOING TO BE ALL TECHNOLOGY

IT'S ALL AHEAD.

FUNDING IS MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.

HELLO, WELCOME TO SCI TEC NOW.

BRINGING YOU THE LATES BREAKTHROUGHS IN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION.

LET'S GET STARTED.

ACROSS THE COUNTRY, WATER CA PLAY AN ESSENTIAL ROLE IN TH DEVELOPMENT AND SURVIVAL OF COMMUNITY.

IN THIS EXCERPT FROM THE DOCUMENTARY CHATTAHOOCHEEY UNPLUGGED, WE HEAR ABOUT RESTORING THE RIVER THROUG COLUMBUS, GEORGIA, TO IT NATURAL STATE.

AT THE THE SAME TIME, IT CREATES THE WORLD'S LONGEST WHITE WATE RUN.

TAKE A LOOK.

FAMILIES GATHER IN THE SUMMER SUN TO CELEBRATE THE NATION' INDEPENDENCE DAY THE RIVER WALK COMPLETED B COLUMBUS WATER WORKS, HA RECLAIMED THE RIVER FRONT.

LEANING COMPANY HEADQUARTERS STAND ON LAND ONCE OCCUPIED BY TEXTILE BUILDINGS.

SYMBOLS OF COLUMBUS' NEW ECONOMY BASED ON INSURANCE, BANKING AN FINANCIAL SERVICES NOW, THE AGEING DAMS THEMSELVE MUST GO.

WE REALLY DON'T HAVE CHOICE IF THE WATER WASN'T FLOWING OA THE TOP OF THE DAM, YOU'D SEE THOUSAND JETS OF WATER COMIN THROUGH THE DAM AND THAT INDICATES THAT IT'S REALLY NOT IN GREAT CONDITION AND THE SAM APPLIES TO THE CITY MILL STAND WE'RE REALLY ONLY LEFT WITH TH ALTERNATIVE OF FIXING TH NATURAL RIVER AND THAT'S THE CHOICE WE'RE MAKING.

BUT RESTORING THE RIVER T ITS NATURAL STATE AND CREATING A WHITE WATER COURSE THROUGH DOWNTOWN COLUMBUS IS A COMPLICATED TASK SEVERAL IMPORTANT STRUCTURES MUST BE BUILT BEFORE THE DAM ARE REMOVED.

DID THE BOAT HAVE GPS, BOTTOM AUTOMATICALLY OR -

WHITE WATER DESIGNER, RIC McLOUGHLIN, JOINS RETIRED MI ENGINEER, ED KINNICK, AT THE LOCAL DIVE TEAM.

THEY'RE ABOUT TO CONDUCT A UNDERWATER SURVEY OF THE RIVER BED TO SEE IF HIS PRELIMINAR DESIGNS WILL WORK.

JUST KIND OF SWIM DOW THROUGH HERE JUST TO SEE WHA WE'VE GOT.

DIVER JOSH BLARE WILL SURVE THE RIVER BOTTOM FOR RICK.

THE CHATTAHOOCHEE IS A VERY LARGE RIVER AND EVEN UNDER THE LOW FLOW CONDITIONS, WE REALLY CAN'T SEE WHAT'S UNDERNEATH TH WATER SURFACE.

OUT ON THE RIVER, BELOW EAGLE AND PHOENIX DAM, THE DIVE TEAM GOES TO WORK

THEY CAN TELL HOW DEE SOMETHING IS, BUT THEY CAN'T TELL WHAT THE BOTTOM COMPOSITION IS THAT'S WHAT I DO IS I GO DOW AND PUT EYES ON THE AREAS THAT THEY HAVE AN INTEREST IN

JUST WANT TO GO LIKE STRAIGHT DOWN, ABOUT 100 FEET, JUST T GET A SENSE OF WHAT WE'VE GO HERE

IT'S ACTUALLY A PRETTY NEAT RIVER.

THERE'S A LOT OF PRETTY AWESOM FEATURES IN THE RIVER, WHICH I WHY THEY WANT TO TURN IT INTO WHITE WATER RAPIDS SITE.

ABOVE, THE TEAM GATHERS DEPTH INFORMATION.

59.884.

VERY CLOSE TO WHAT IS ON MY PLAN

BACK ON THE SURFACE, JOSH BLARE GIVES HIS FIRST REPORT

THERE IS A SECTION OF SMALL BOULDERS, ALL ONE TO THREE FEET, THEN WE CAME UP ON SOME BIGGER BOULDERS, TWO OR THREE GREATER THAN THREE FEET, THEN WENT BAC INTO THE BEDROCK

THE TEAM IS ENCOURAGED BY I SURVEY RESULTS, BUT ALSO SOBERED BY THE CHALLENGE OF WORKING IN A ROCKY, HIGHLY IRREGULAR RIVE BED.

IT COULD PUSH US ONE WAY OR THE OTHER CONCERNING THE OVERALL CONSTRUCTION PROCESS WHETHER WE CAN HAVE DIVERS BUILD SOMETHING OR WHETHER WE HAVE T BASICALLY PUT A WALL IN TH WATER AND PUMP OUT ONE SIDE OF THE WALL SUCH THAT WE HAVE A DRY RIVER BED THAT WE CAN CONSTRUC ON

FORTUNATELY, THEY FOUND A WAY TO DIVERT THE RIVER AT LOW FLOWS THROUGH THE OLD POWER HOUSE.

WHICH MEANS FOR MUCH OF THE DAY, THE DAM ITSELF WILL KEEP THE RIVER BED BELOW IT ALMOST TRY.

DURING THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS, THIS DAM THAT YOU SEE WILL SERVE AS A COPPER DAM

IN FACT, WITHOUT THE DAM, THE TASK WOULD BE VIRTUALL IMPOSSIBLE ONCE, SOMETIMES TWICE A DAY, THE RIVER INCREASES TO MORE THAN TEN TIMES THE NORMAL FLOW.

THE TURBINES AT GEORGIA POWER' NORTH HIGHLANDS DAM ABOVE TH CITY, SPIN UP TO GENERAT ELECTRICITY.

IT WOULD BE AS IF WE'RE TRYING TO REMOVE ALL THIS RUBBLE WITH 100 FIRE HOSES TRAINED ON THE CONSTRUCTION SITE.

THE SHEER SCALE OF WHAT THEY'RE UNDERTAKING IS BEGINNING TO HIT HOME.

YOU COULD PROBABLY TAKE MOS OF ALL THE OTHER COURSES IN TH COUNTRY AND FIT THEM INT COLUMBUS IT'S THAT BIG.

IT'S A VERY LARGE WHITE WATE PROJECT.

PERHAPS ONE OF THE LARGEST I THE COUNTRY, IF NOT THE WORLD.

THE SIZE THREATENS TO DRIVE UP COSTS

WHERE ARE YOU TODAY ON WHER WE ARE ON COSTS.

THE BUDGET OF MAY 1st WAS BASE ON DETAILED PLANS.

AT UPTOWN COLUMBUS, THE PRIVATE ORGANIZATION THAT' BANKROLLING THE MASSIVE WHIT WATER PROJECT, THOSE IN CHARGE ARE BEGINNING TO GET NERVOUS THEIR JOB IS TO INSURE RICK' RAPIDLY INVOLVING DESIGN DOESN'T BREAK THE BUDGET

NEED THEM TO GIVE US SAY THIS IS WHAT WE WANT TO BUILD WE NEED DETAILS.

AROUND EVERY CORNER, THERE' A SURPRISE SOMETIMES, IT'S REGULATORY SOMETIMES, IT'S A DESIGN CHALLENGE.

SOMETIMES, IT'S A FINANCIA CHALLENGE.

I THINK IT'S PROBABLY A GOOD THING THAT THE GROUP WORKING O THIS DIDN'T FULLY UNDERSTAND WHAT WE WERE GETTING INTO.

TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THI FILM, VISIT OUR WEBSITE.

> PHONE COMPUTING IS INTERESTING TO ME BECAUSE IT I THE AGAIN GOVERNED BY TH ULTIMATE LAWS OF PHYSICS AS WE KNOW THEM, SO IT DOES TELL YOU WHAT THE ULTIMATE LIMIT OF COMPUTATIONAL POWER IS THE MOST FUNDAMENTAL DIFFERENC BETWEEN A QUANTUM AND CLASSICA COMPUTER IS BASED ON THIS IDEA OF SUPERPOSITION A CLASSICAL BIT COULD BE ON OR OFF AND A QUANTUM COMPUTER, TH DIFFERENCE IS THAT CUBIT INSTEAD OF BITS CAN BE IN THE ON SIMULTANEOUSLY

WE'RE VERY FOCUSED ON THE CONTROL ASPECT DEVELOPING OUR CUSTOM HARDWARE

WE HAVE A SPECIAL ELEMENT THAT WE HAVE ACCESS TO CALLED JUNCTION IT ALLOWS YOU TO BUILD A CIRCUIT WHERE THE ENERGY LEVELS ARE NO EQUALLY SPACED

IT LOOKS VERY MUCH LIKE THE STANDARD COMPUTER CHIPS THAT YOU BUY.

WE MOUNT THEM, WHICH COOLS THE DOWN TO APPROXIMATELY TEN, WHERE IT'S NOW EXTRA EXATIONS IN THE SYSTEM

CURRENT COMPUTERS THROW AWA A LOT OF INFORMATION AND A LOT OF POWER THAT WE KNOW IS THERE IN NATURE.

IF WE BUILD QUANTUM COMPUTERS, WE'RE ESSENTIALLY TAKING ADVANTAGE OF ALL THE POWERS AN INFORMATION THAT WE KNOW IS IN NATURAL SYSTEMS.

THE PROMISE OF THE TECHNOLOGY IS INCREDIBLE.

IT'S SOMETHING WHERE EFFECTIVELY, CREATES A GAM CHANGER IN TECHNOLOGY THAT DOE NOT EXIST NOW.

YOU CAN DESIGN NEW MATERIALS.

APPLY RELATION TO BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS OR CHEMICAL SYSTEMS.

COMPUTERS ARE NEVER GOO ENOUGH WE'RE ALWAYS TRYING TO BUILD THERE IS JUST CERTAIN THINGS THAT A QUANTUM COMPUTER CAN DO THAT A CLASSICAL COMPUTE CANNOT

QUANTUM COMPUTING WHAT IS IT WHAT CAN IT DO TO HELP U UNDERSTAND MORE ARE TW SCIENTISTS THAT CAN HELP U UNDERSTAND NOT SWRUS THE COMPUTING ELEMENTS OF IT, BU ALSO HOW THE LONGER RANGE WIDE IMPLICATIONS OF WHAT QUUN TU MECHANICS AND COMPUTING CAN DO JOINING US NOW, JOHN, A SENIOR SCIENTIST AT RATHEON AND ZACK, THE MANAGER OF THE PROCESSIN GROUP.

SO, BOTH OF YOU ARE DOCTORS, PH.D.s, BUT THE REST OF US ARE NOT.

JONATHAN, WHAT IS QUANTU COMPUTING?

IT'S A FUNDAMENTALL DIFFERENT PARADIGM I INFORMATION PROCESSING AND CLASSICAL COMPUTING, WHERE A CLASSICAL COMPUTING, YOU D SWITCHES MADE OUT OF TRA SISTERS, THINGS THAT ARE IN AN OUT OF STATE QUANTUM COMPUING TAKES ADVANTAGE OF THE VERY RICH INFORMATION THAT CAN B CAPITALIZED UPON IN QUANTU STATES WHICH ARE FUNDAMENTALLY MADE UP OF SUPERPOSITIONS OF THESE TRANSISTOR STATES.

A QUANTUM BIT OR A CUBIT CAN B IN A SUPERPOSITION OF THE ON OFF STATE AND A MUCH RICHE VARIETY OF INFORMATION IS GOIN TO BE STORED IN THOSE AND MUCH RICHER COMPUTATION CAN B PERFORMED WITH AN ARRAY OF THOSE BITS

DOCTOR, THERE WAS A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF JARGON THERE ABOUT SUPERPOSITIONS AND QUANTUM BITS, BUT WHEN YOU SAY SOMETHING CAN BE BOTH ON AND OFF AT THE SAME TIME, HOW DOES THI WORK

INTERESTINGLY, SCIENTISTS WORKING DM THE FIELD I THINK ARE DEVELOPING AN INTUITIO SURROUNDING IT, BUT IT'S NOT SOMETHING BASED ON SOMETHING YOU SEE PHYSICALLY SEE IN OUR EXPERIMENT.

IT'S BASED UPON THE RESULTS YO THE EXPERIMENTS SHOW THE EFFEC OF THESE SUPERPOSITIONS AND IT'S REALLY THAT YOU HAVE AN OBJECT THAT IS TWO DIFFERENT VERY DISTINCT STATES.

MICRO PROCESSORS WORK WIT ONES AND ZEROS, THE ON, OF GATES THAT SEND INFORMATION BACK AND FORTH.

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU CAN BE A ONE AND ZERO AT THE SAME TIME?

IT'S OPPOSED TO BEING ABLE TO PROCESS INFORMATION FASTER SOME COMPUTERS FUNDAMENTALLY PROCESS INFORMATION IN A DIFFERENT WAY AND IN FACT, YOU CAN STORE AN EXPONENTIAL AMOUN OF DATA INTO A SET OF CUBITS WHERE AS THE SAME NUMBER O CLASSICAL BITS, SAME NUMBER OF TRANSISTORS WOULD BE ABLE TO STORE A SMALL AMOUNT OF DATA, SO IT'S REALLY THE DATA STORAGE AND THAT LETS YOU PROCESS THAT CAPACITY THAT'S VASTLY IMPROVED.

MUCH MORE INFORMATION AT THE SAME TIME.

DOES THAT MEAN TERABYTES OF STORAGE SPACE INTO SOMETHING VERY TINY?

A LOT MORE CLASSICA INFORMATION BITS CAN BE STORED INTO A SET

SAY YOU BUILD ONE OF THES COMPUTERS THAT ARE RUNNING O CUBITS AND IF YOU CAN PROCESS ENORMOU AMOUNTS OF INFORMATION, DOES THAT MEAN IT CAN PICK LOCK BETTER THAN WHAT WE CAN DO TODAY?

PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOU ALGORITHM, IT CAN SPECIFICALLY FACTOR LARGE NUMBERS AND PRIME COMPONENTS VERY EFFICIENTLY AN MOST OF CLASSICAL, PUBLI PHOTOGRAPHY ON THE INTERNET IS BASED ON THE FACT THAT FACTORING THESE LARGE NUMBERS IS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT.

NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE FOR CLASSICA COMPUTERS TO DO.

AND SO, A QUANTUM COMPUTER COULD INDEED PICK LOCKS LIKE YOU'R SAYING MUCH MORE EFFICIENTLY.

DOES THAT MEAN ALSO THAT IT CAN CREATE LOCKS MOR EFFICIENTLY?

THAT YOU CAN USE ALL OF THAT POWER TO RUN AN ALGORITHM AN HAVE THAT MASSIVE COMPUTATIO HAPPEN, COULDN'T YOU USE IT FO GOOD AS WELL

THAT'S A VERY INTERESTING POINT.

THERE'S ANOTHER AREA OF RESEARCH WITHIN THE COMMUNITY OF KWAN TUN INFORMATION KNOWN AS QUANTUM KEY DISTRIBUTION AND IN THOSE AREA OF RESEARCH, THEY USE THE SAME PRINCIPLES, THE QUANTU UNCERTAINTY PRINCIPLE AND TH UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT TO ALLOW TWO PEOPLE TO SHARE RANDOM BIT STREAMS THAT CAN USE THIS KEYS TO LOCK DATA AND SHARING HAS BEEN SHOWN TO BE IMPEFRS YOUS TO ATTACKS THAT MIGHT BE RENDERED WITH A QUANTUM COMPUTER OR ANY OTHER TYPES OF ATTACKS.

SO, THAT'S AN INTERESTIN DICHOTOMY IN THE RESEARCH FIELD.

ANOTHER ELEMENT OF QUANTU RESEARCH I'M CURIOUS ABOUT I THAT IDEA OF ENTANGLEMENT AN TELL PORTING INFORMATION FRO ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER WITHOUT HAVING IT EVER TRAVELED FROM TWO SPACES

NOW, WHEN TWO PARTICLES ARE ENTANGLED.

IF IF YOU MAKE A MEASURE ON ONE, YOU ALTER IT, BUT YOU ALTER TH STATE OF THE OTHER PARTICLE AS WELL THERE'S NO ANALOG IN CLASSICAL PHYSICS AT ALL ONE MISUNDERSTANDING OFTEN I THAT QUANTUM ENTANGLEMENT CA RESULT IN COMMUNICATION THAT'S FASTER THAN THE SPEED OF LIGHT OR INSTANTANEOUS THAT'S NOT QUITE TRUE BECAUS THE MEASUREMENT OF THESE QUANTUM PARTICLES IS RANDOM, AND SO, YOU CAN'T EXHUME KATE FASTER THA THE SPEED OF LIGHT

HOW DO YOU SEE THE WORK YOU'RE DOING IMPACTING SOCIETY TEN YEARS FROM NOW, 20 YEARS FROM NOW

TAKE CHEMISTRY OR SCIENCE YOU'RE TRYING TO UNDERSTAND AN ENGINEER NEW MATERIALS O CHEMICALS AND IT'S IMPOSSIBLE TO REALLY DO THAT EFFICIENTLY WIT THE MODELS THAT WE CAN DO ON CLASSICAL COMPUTERS.

WE CAN DO THE QUANTUM COMPUTER ESSENTIALLY SIMULATE THA NATURALLY, AND THEREFORE COMPETE THE PROPERTIES THESE SYSTEMS VERY EFFICIENTLY, SO I WILL BE A HUGE TOOL TO PEOPL WORKING IN THESE KINDS O DIFFICULT TASKS.

JOHN?

SO, IF YOU TAKE A POWERFU CLASSICAL COMPUTER NOW, THER ARE A SUBSET OF FUNCTIONS THAT THE COMPUTER NEEDS TO PERFORM.

COULD WE REPLACE MAYBE ONE O THOSE SUB FUNCTIONS WITH A SMALL PROCESSOR THAT WOULD YIELD SOM REALLY IMPROVED FUNCTIONALITY?

THE SAME NOTION IN QUANTUM NETWORKS WE HAVE VERY POWERFUL CLASSICA NETWORKS IS THERE SOME SMAL FUNCTIONALITY THAT COULD DRASTICALLY IMPROVE THOS NETWORKS BY UNDERSTANDIN QUANTUM MECHANICS HO INFORMATION COULD IMPACT RATHE THAN REPLACING THE ENTIR NETWORK.

OKAY, THANKS SO MUCH FOR THIS PRIMER ON QUANTUM EVERYTHING

THANK YOU

> I'M ALEX A PROFESSOR AT USC SCHOOL OF CINEMATIC ARTS AND I'M A DESIGNER, PRODUCTION DESIGNE AND FILM FOR 30 YEARS.

THE NOTION OF DESIGN AND FILM IS ALWAYS HOW YOU FRAME A NARRATIVE OR SIMULATE A STORY WITHIN THE ENVIRONMENTS AS WE MOVE OUT OF THE FILM SPACE AND ARE STARTING TO MOVE SWO SBOO THIS MIXED REALITY SPACE, YOU HAVE TO START THINKING DIFFERENTLY ABOUT HOW TH ENVIRONMENT CAN TELL A STORY AND HOW IMPORTANT DESIGN IS AS WAY OF TRIGGERING NARRATIVES FOR PEOPLE BECAUSE THEY GET TO MOV FREELY THROUGH THE SPACE NOW IT BECOMES MUCH EASIER T COLLABORATE WITHIN THAT KIND O WORLD SPACE WHEN YOU HAVE TH DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES WE HAVE AND THE NOTION OF DESIGN O NARRATIVE DESIGN AND SPACE MEANS THAT WE CAN ALL ENTER TH WORLD IN ONE FORM OR ANOTHER WE CAN SHARE THAT SPACE AN LEARN ABOUT WHAT EACH OTHER DOES IN THAT SPACE.

WE TOOK THE -- IT WAS A PARALLEL UNIVERSE THAT WOULD WORK AS AN ECOSYSTEM.

BUT IT WAS MORE ABOUT IT BEING A PLACE THAN A STORY IN A WAY.

AS AN IDEA OF A WHALE FLOATING WHALE OR A WHALE AIR SHIP IN 1895 ON THIS VOYAGE.

ALLOWED US TO LOOK AT COMPLETELY SELF-CONTAINED WORL AS AN ECOSYSTEM AND THINK ABOU HOW A STORY COULD CHANGE IF THAT WAS THE ONLY WORLD YOU HAD SO ONE OF THE THINGS YOU CAN'T DO WITH A BOOK IS TELL MULTIPLE -- IN REALTIME AT THE SAME TIME.

IN THIS WORLD, WE CAN AND WE'V BEEN EXPERIMENTING WITH TELLIN A DOZEN STORIES AT THE SAME TIME SO YOU GO IN FULL VIRTUA REALITY AND YOU START WALKIN AROUND AND YOU HAVE TO UNRAVEL THE STORIES GOING ON ALL AROUN YOU.

TECHNOLOGY'S BEEN MOVING SO FAST THAT'S THAT IT'S BEEN LIKE LET'S GET THE NEXT COMPUTER, THE NEX CELL PHONE THE CONTENT'S BEEN MISSING PEOPLE HAVEN'T BEEN ABLE TO KEEP UP WITH REALLY THINKING ABOU WHAT THESE DEVICES ARE FOR, WHAT KIND OF STORIES YOU CAN TELL WITH THEM.

NOW, WE ARE CREATING THESE ART SCIENCES FOR STUDENTS I' WORKING WITH, CODING AND DESIGNING OR CREATING.

PURE NARRATIVE NOW, I THINK WE'RE GOING T START SEEING A SHIFT WHERE THESE STORIES STOP MAKING DEMANDS ON THE TECHNOLOGY AND THE TECHNOLOGY IS GOING TO START CHANGING

> STEM EDUCATION I INCREASINGLY AN IMPORTANT PART OF CHILDREN'S LEARNING WIT COMPUTER CODING BEING TAUGHT ALONGSIDE READING, WRITING AND MATHEMATICS.

IN THIS SEGMENT, WE SEE HOW SOME STUDENTS ARE GETTING A JUMP-START ON CODING WITH TH HELP OF TWO TOY ROBOTS NAMED DOT AND DASH

AND THE ROBOT, AS YOU CAN SEE, IT'S EAGER TO NOW DUOON A JOURNEY WITH YOU AND I CAN ACTUALLY PUT -- NOW PRESS BUTTON AND IT'S FALLING APART.

BETTER PROGRAM THIS ROBOT TO DO.

HE IS THE COCREATOR OF THIS TEACHING TOY AND CEO OF WONDER WORKSHOP, THE COMPANY THAT PRODUCES IT.

DASH AND ITS SMALLER SIDE KICK DOT, ARE PROGRAMMABLE ROBOTS THAT KIDS CAN COMMAND THROUGH TOUCH SCREEN APP

KIDS ENGAGE WITH THINGS LIK GOOGLE A LOT BETTER THAN JUST SCREEN CODING AS A SET OF MAYBE A OUTSIDE CONTENT AND MAKE IT COME TO LIFE WITH A HELP OF A ROBOT

THEY'RE MAKING THEI UNOFFICIAL DEBUT AT A TECH SAVVY CONFERENCE HELD ANNUALLY IN NE YORK CITY.

USERS CAN CONTROL DASH OR DO THROUGH ONE OF TWO PROGRAMS.

THE FIRST, AN ARK PP DESIGNED BY WONDER WORKSHOP THAT GUPTA SAY CHILDREN IN PRESCHOOL CA MASTER AFTER DRAWING A PATH ON TH SCREEN FOR THE ROBOT TO FOLLOW KIDS CAN THEN ADD COMMANDS WHICH IS THE BASIC CONCEPT O SEQUENCING, PLANNING OUT WHA YOU WANT THE ROBOT TO DO FIRST THEN PROGRAMMING IT TO FOLLO THROUGH.

THE NEXT STEP IS PROGRAMMING THE ROBOTS WITH BLOCKLY, A VISUA PROGRAM APP.

HERE, WHAT YOU SEE IS A VISUAL DRAG AND DROP THE ROBOT CAN MOVE AROUND, LOO HERE AND THERE, SOUND AND NOW, I CAN PROGRAM ROBOT TO DO, FOR EXAMPLE, HEY, KEEP MOVING UNTI I TELL YOU TO STOP AND THEN WHEN YOU SEE AN OBJEC IN FRONT OF YOU, THEN I WANT YOU TO FOR EXAMPLE, IT SAYS COME OUT.

I CAN DRAG AN OBJECT, TURN I AROUND AND NOW, THAT BECOMES A PROGRAM THAT THE ROBOT CAN DO.

THE WIDE EMPHASIS ON MAKING CODING FUN AND INTERESTING FOR YOUNG CHILDREN, ACCORDING TO THE PROGRAM FOR INTERNATIONA STUDENTS U.S. STUDENTS LAG BEHIND OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE RAPIDLY EXPANDING FIELDS OF ENGINEERIN AND MATH, ALSO KNOWN AS STEM WHEN COMPARED TO INDUSTRIA COUNTRIES, AMERICA RANKS 23rd IN MATH AND 23rd IN SCIENCE THIS NUMEROUS TECH COMPANY I STILL HOPING TO CHANGE THA TREND.

A COMPANY THAT DEVELOP ENTERTAINMENT AND EDUCATIONA GAMES FOR KIDS

CHILDREN TOLD ARE GOING INT A FUTURE WORKFORCE THAT'S GOIN TO BE ALL TECHNOLOGY

SHE DESCRIBES THE GENERATIO CURRENTLY IN WORK -- AND MAK MISTAKES AND LEARN FROM THEM ARE OFTEN EXPERIENCED IN THE DIGITAL WORLD, SO IT WOULD MAKE SENS FOR THEM TO DEVELOP AN UNDERSTANDING OF HOW THEY CA FORM AND MOLD THAT WORLD FOR THEMSELVES

EVEN A YOUNG CHILD WORKIN WITH A GAME WILL TRY TO GO ABOUT TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHAT IT DOES AND THEY HAVE AN OPENNESS TO FIGURING OUT THE SYSTEM, HO DOES IT WORK AND BUILD THOSE SAME PROBLEM SOLVING SKILL THEY'RE GOING TO HAVE TO HAVE IN THE FUTURE

SHE SITES MINE CRAFT AS ANOTHER ENTRY POINT.

SHE SAID THEY OFTEN HOLD WORKSHOPS TO USE THE GAME TO TEACH CODING AND JOKES IF ENOUGH KIDS MASTER PROGRAMMING, I COULD PUT HER OUT OF BUSINES ONE DAY.

IT'S BECOMING EASIER AN EASIER FOR YOUNG KIDS TO MAK THEIR OWN GAMES, SO IN A FEW YEARS, KIDS WILL BE ABLE TO MAKE THEIR OWN GAMES.

BACK IN NEW YORK CITY, GUPT SAYS THERE'S A HUNGER IN THE MARKET FOR MORE TOYS LIKE HIS.

AND THAT WRAPS IT UP FOR THIS TIME FOR MORE, VISIT OUR WEBSITE.

YOU CAN ALSO CHECK US OUT ON FACEBOOK AND JOIN TH CONVERSATION ON TWITTER.

THANKS FOR WATCHING.

> FUNDING WAS MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.