SciTech Now Episode 17

Episode seventeen of SciTech Now brings you the latest breakthroughs in science, technology and innovation. We find out how cities are going digital and check in with another team competing for the Lunar X Prize.

TRANSCRIPT

♪♪

> COMING UP, THE WORLDWIDE SPACE RACE

THEY WILL INTRODUCE THE MILESTONE PRIZES AS A STIMULUS AND AS A MEANS OF MEASURING.

REALLY FOCUS ON WHAT' DISTINCTIVE ABOUT THE GEOGRAPH AND THEN YOU'LL ATTRACT TH TALENT THAT RESINATES WITH THA AND THEN IT'S IN THEIR DNA

WHAT HAPPENS TO THE MOUNDS OF INFORMATION THAT CITIES AN STATES COLLECT ALL OVER AMERICA?

THE THING IS, IT'S NO LONGE POSSIBLE TO IGNORE THE ONLIN AND ADDITIONAL

SECURING A PRESSURE RESOURCE.

IT'S ALL AHEAD.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM IS MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.

HELLO BRINGING YOU THE LATES BREAKTHROUGHS IN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION.

TEAMS ARE IN A RACE TO GET T THE MOON WITH A $30 MILLIO PAYOFF PART-TIME SCIENTISTS RECENTL EXPLORED A SIMULATE THE LUNA SURFACE BREMEN, GERMANY.

HERE IS A LOOK

I AM APPEARED RUE BUTTON.

I'M THE TECHNICAL OPERATIONS DIRECTOR I'M HERE TODAY AT DFKI I GERMANY WITH ONE OF THE JUDGES THEY'RE A BUNCH OF GUYS WHO AR TECHNICALLY ACTIVE IN OTHE INDUSTRIES AND THEY GOT TOGETHER TO FORM A TEAM TO GO AFTER THE GOOGLE ENTERPRISE IN THEIR SPARE TIME

FROM THERE, WE JUST GROW TH ENTIRE TEAM AND IT'S BEEN FOUR YEARS SINCE.

I'M ADAM WELLS.

I'M AN EE MAYOR TUESDA PROFESSOR AND I'M ONE OF THE GOOGLE JUDGES.

GOOGLE HAS INTRODUCED TH MILESTONE PRIZES AS A STIMULUS AND AS A MEANS OF MEASURIN GENUINE PROGRESS TOWARDS THE ULTIMATE OBJECTIVE AND THAT'S WHERE WE ARE.

THE GOAL OF TODAY IS TO VERIFY THE IMAGE QUALITY OF TH CAMERA SO THE REASON WHY WE'VE COME HERE IS BECAUSE THEY HAVE TH SPACE WHICH IS CAPABLE O SIMULATING REALISTIC LUNAR LIGHTING CONDITIONS.

TO DEMONSTRATE A VERY HIG RESOLUTION AND HIGH FRAME RATE TO DO SOMETHING THAT IS NOT THAT EASY TO DO

THE THING THAT WE WANT TO ACHIEVE TODAY IS THE IMAGE QUALITY OF THE CAMERA, THE PROTOTYPE, IS THE CLIMATE OF THE MTA.

MTA IS THE AGREEMENT, BASICALL THE RULES OF THE COMPETITION SO IF IT DOESN'T MATCH UP AND WE SEND IT TO SPACE, THEN WE CA GET DISQUALIFIED

THE REASON WHY YOU SAW US PUTTING UP DIFFERENT -- IN FRONT OF THE CAMERA IS BECAUSE WE HAVE BEEN MIXING TWO DIFFERENT TYPE OF CAMERAS SO WE'RE HAVING TWO BLACK AN WHITE CAMERAS, THE ONES FO IMAGING THAT WE USE FOR THE 3- SCANNING OF THE SURFACE AN MEASURING DISTANCES THE FIRS FOCAL POINT.

AND THEN WE HAVE, OF COURSE, THE TELE LENS WHICH IS IN TH MIDDLE AND THE TELE LENS IS ACTUALL DIFFERENT IN A WAY THAT TH OTHER TWO CAMERAS ALREADY COLO SENSORS TODAY.

BUT THE TELELENS IS A BLACK AN WHITE SENSOR IF YOU USE THE COLOR SENSOR TO CAPTURE YOUR IMAGE, IT'S TOTALLY FINE BUT THE QUALITY IS BETTER IF YOU LOOK AT THE BLACK AND WHITE.

WHAT WE DID TO BE ABLE TO GE THINGS DONE QUICKLY AND TESTED QUICKLY IS THAT WE'VE ORDERE ALL OF THE PARTS FROM THE CAMERA AS PREPRINTED PARTS.

SO THIS GAVE US THE ADVANTAG THAT WE COULD QUICKLY TEST IMAGE QUALITY BUT, OF COURSE, IT HAS THE DISADVANTAGE TO COME TO AL OF THE OTHER TESTS THAT WE WAN TO DO, FOR EXAMPLE, THE VACUUM TEST THAT YOU CAN DO WITH PLASTIC PUMP, OR THE MECHANICA LOAD TESTS BUT, OF COURSE, FOR THE IMAG QUALITY, IT DOESN'T MATTER I THE HOUSING IS PLASTIC

THE REASONS WHY I BELIEVE THIS ENTIRE -- IS AWESOME, A LEAST FOR ME AND FOR MOST OF THE PEOPLE ON OUR TEAM, IS THAT YO GET TO LEARN SO MUCH MORE THINGS THAT YOU WOULD HAVE NEVER COME IN CONTACT WITH IN YOUR NORMAL LIFE

I THINK IT'S ALREADY -- ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪

HAS YOUR CITY'S TEC COMMUNITY REACHED SILICONE STATUS MANY CITIES IN THE U.S. AR INVESTING IN TECHNOLOGY TO FURTHER THEIR GROWTH AND SPU INNOVATION HERE TO SHARE SOME INSIGHT INT CITIES AROUND THE COUNTRY IS BRIAN HECK A VETERAN OF MULTI 78 START-UP AND A ADVISER TO DIGITAL COMPANIES INCLUDING OUR OWN.

IT USED TO BE THAT ROUTE 128 I BOSTON OR HIGHWAY 101 IN CALIFORNIA, SILICONE VALLEY, THOSE ARE THE BEDROCKS OF WHER TECHNOLOGY HAPPENS WHERE IS IT SPREADING AROUND THE COUNTRY?

EVERY STATE WANTS TO BE THE SILICONE THIS OR THE SILICON THAT BUT THERE ARE A FEW PLACES WHERE IT'S EMERGING AS SUCCESS ONE OF THE PLACES THAT I'M EXCITED ABOUT ARE IN THE SAL LAKE CITY AREA AND THEY GO B SILICONE SLOPES.

THEY HAVE 7,000 START-UP AND TECH COMPANIES THERE NOW, WHIC IS A REALLY BIG NUMBER AND I WASN'T ALWAYS THAT WAY ABOUT TEN YEARS AGO, THE STATE OF UTAH REALIZED THEY WERE LAGGING BEHIND A LITTLE BIT, S THEY INVESTED IN $100 MILLION IN A PLAN TO RECRUIT TALENT THEY HELP TURN THEM INTO COMPANIES AND THAT'S HELPED FUEL THIS BOOM NOW.

AND YOU'RE SAYING SILICON BEACH IN L.A THERE ARE START-UPS THERE NOW, TOO?

ABSOLUTELY.

THAT BEAUTIFUL STRETCH BETWEEN SAN MONICA AND VENICE BEACH IS HOME TO A LOT OF START-UP.

AS YOU WOULD EXPECT BEING IN THE L.A. AREA, A LOT OF THEM HAVE TO DO WITH THE ENTERTAINMEN BUSINESS, THE MOVIE BUSINESS YOU HAVE COMPANIES LIKE HULU WHICH IS THE VIDEO STREAMING MAKER STUDIOSES, WHICH CONTROL CHANNELS ON YOUTUBE AND BEATS BY DR. DRE IS IN THE GREATER AREA

I KNOW JUSTIN TIMBERLAKE OWNS A SMALL EMPIRE

SHIFTING UP THE COAST SILICONE FOREST.

THAT'S PORTLAND, OREGON IT GOES FARTHER BACK THAN THAT THERE IS A HISTORY OF DEEP TECHNOLOGY, TECH TRONNICS AN OTHER SEMI CONDUCTOR COMPANIES GOING BACK TO THE 1940s.

THAT'S NOW BEEN UPDATED AN YOU'RE GETTING MORE MEDI COMPANIES.

A GOOD EXAMPLE OF A SOFTWARE START-UP IS A COMPANY CALLED CRITICAL PATH IN DOWNTOW PORTLAND WHEN EBAY BOUGHT THEM INSTEAD OF SHUTTING THEM DOWN OR ROLLIN THEM UM, EBAY DOUBLED DOWN, AN THEY BROUGHT SOME OF THEIR COR OPERATIONS INTO PORTLAND, AS WELL, SO THEY'RE DOUBLING DOWN AND MAKING AN INVESTMENT THERE

SO WHAT IS IT THAT IS NECESSARY?

IS IT INVESTMENT IN THE ACADEMIC STRUCTURE, TO TRY TO GET A START-UP ACCELERATOR O INCUBATOR?

WHAT CREATES THAT ECOSYSTE WHERE A CITY CAN HAVE A TECH BASE LIKE THAT

I THINK THOSE ARE ALL STRUCTURAL THINGS YOU NEED BUT EVEN MORE IMPORTANT THAN THAT IS YOU NEED TO DEFINE THE CULTURE.

IF YOU GO BACK AND THINK ABOUT SALT LAKE CITY, SKULL CAND MAKES COOL HEADPHONES FO SNOWBOARDING AND SKATEBOARDING AND THINGS LIKE THAT IT'S BUILT INTO THEIR CULTURE, SO THEY ATTRACT THAT TALENT.

THEY GIVE EMPLOYEES FREE PASSE TO SKI RESORTS THAT COMPANY PROBABLY WOULDN'T BE FOUNDED IN NEW YORK CITY.

OR YOU TAKE A COMPANY IN NEW YORK CITY LIKE PARKER THAT MAKES EYEGLASSES, THEY PROBABL WOULDN'T BE FOUNDED IN THE SHADOWS OF A SKI RESORT.

SO FOCUS ON WHAT'S DISTINCTIVE ABOUT GEOGRAPHY.

IT'S IN THEIR DNA AND THAT'S A VIRTUOUS CYCLE THAT HELPS TH COMPANY GROW

FOCUS ON WHAT YOU KNOW AN WHAT YOU ALREADY DO WELL, RIGHT?

EXACTLY AND HIRING GOOD TALENT IS TH NUMBER ONE CHALLENGE FOR A ENTREPRENEUR IT'S CERTAINLY FOR MINE.

BUT WHEN YOU'RE IN A SMALLER CITY, YOU HAVE A SMALLER BASE OF TALENT WHO MAYBE AREN'T IN COMPETITION WITH THE BIG GUYS TO GET ENGINEERING JOBS YOU GET PEOPLE WHO ARE REALL COMMITTED TO THE COMMUNITY AND LIKEWISE VENTURE CAPITALISTS WHO WANT TO MAKE A VENTURE INTO TH COMMUNITY AND THAT HELPS EVERYBODY.

THANK YOU SO MUCH

THANK YOU ♪♪

WHAT HAPPENS TO THE MOUNDS OF INFORMATION THAT CITIES AN STATES COLLECT ALL OVER AMERICA?

HOW DO YOU UNLOCK ALL THE DATA THAT'S IN THERE AND MAKE I USEFUL TO THE CITIZENS AROUND?

CODE FOR AMERICA, AN ORGANIZATION OUT OF THE BAY AREA IS TRYING TO DO JUST THAT.

THEY'RE BRINGING CODER AND CIT GOVERNMENTS TOGETHER EXPLAIN CODE FOR AMERICA FOR PEOPLE WHO MIGHT NOT HAVE HEAR ABOUT IT BEFORE.

ABSOLUTELY.

CODE FOR AMERICA IS AN ORGANIZATION THAT BELIEVES THA WE CAN HAVE GOVERNMENT BY TH PEOPLE AND FOR THE PEOPL WORKING FOR EVERYONE IN THE 21st CENTURY.

THE THING IS, IT'S NO LONGER POSSIBLE TO IGNORE THE ONLIN AND THE DIGITAL.

COMPANIES LIKE GOOGLE AND AMAZON HAVE DONE A TERRIFIC JOB O SETTING OUR EXPECT AGES HIGH IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT TO GET THERE BY THEMSELVES.

SO WE'RE BRINGING THEM TOGETHE WITH COMMUNITIES AND COMPANIES SO THAT WE CAN ALL RAISE OUR HANDS TOGETHER AND BRINGS THIS EXPERIENCE INTO THE NEXT LEVEL

GIVE ME SOME EXAMPLES WHAT ARE THE CITIES THAT YOU'R WORKING IN AND WHAT ARE YO DOING WITH THOSE CITIES?

IN 2012, AFTER HURRICAN KATRINA WE PUT FOUR IN THE CITIES, AND THEY PULL TOGETHER DEBATES TO CREATE A SIMPLE APPLICATION FOR ANYONE TO REFE TO AND SEE WHAT WAS GOING ON WITH ANY GIVEN PROPERTY.

IN FOR EXAMPLE LAST CAREER, IN 2013, FOR A MONTH WITH CITY HALL AND WITH THE HUMAN SERVICE AGENCIES THAT THEY WERE WORKIN WITH ONE OF THEM, THE DETROIT THING THEY SKOFRD WAS CLOSE TO A THIRD OF THE PEOPLE WERE FALLING OFF EVERY MONTH BECAUSE THEY DIDN' FILL OUT A REQUIRED FORM THA THEY NEEDED TO VERIFY THAT THE WERE ELIGIBLE.

WHAT WAS GOING ON IS THE CIT WAS SENTING PAPER FORMS.

THAT'S DIFFICULT IN THE BEST O CASES, BUT PEOPLE CAN QUALIF FOR FOOD STAMPS.

THEY WORKED WITH THE CIT INSTEAD TO SEND TEXT MESSAGES, NOT FANCY WEB STUFF, BUT TEX MESSAGES OF PEOPLE TELLING THEM, YOU NEED TO FILL OUT THIS FORM AND CALL US IF YOU NEED HELP WHAT HE THEY MANAGED TO DO WAS HELP FILL THEIR CART WIT GROCERIES AND DISCOVER THE BENEFITS REQUIRED.

SO THOSE ARE A COUPLE.

WHEN YOU ARE LOOKING AT REACHING OUT, SAY, FOR EXAMPLE I THINK THE DESIGN CASE THAT YOU JUST TALKED ABOUT IN SAN FRANCISCO IS PRETTY IMPORTANT, DON'T START TO BUILD HIGH TECH TOOLS FOR PEOPLE WHO MIGHT NOT HAVE ALL THE GADGETS AND THE TRAPPINGS.

WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT THE OUTCOMES, WHAT'S IMPORTANT FOR YOU IN A CIVIC MINDED WAY?

IT'S IMPORTANT THAT WE DESIGN BOTH WITH AND PORE THE PEOPL WHO ARE GOING TO BE AFFECTED THAT INCLUDES THE RESIDENTS AN DO THE BACK END OF IT.

THEY HAD A REALLY INTERESTIN CASE IN OAKLAND LAST YEAR.

THE CITY OF OAKLAND HAD A MAJO OCCUPY SITUATION AND THE - THERE WAS A LOT OF PUBLI RECORDS REQUESTS AROUND THAT THE CITY HAD A DIFFICULT SYSTE FOR THE PEOPLE WHO WERE TRYING TO GET THOSE RECORDS TO TH CITIZENS THE CITIZENS WERE JUSTIFIABL UPSET THAT THEY COULDN'T GET WHAT THEY WANTED SO IT'S A SIMPLER SYSTEM THA WAS BETTER DESIGNED ON BOTH ENDS SO THAT THE PEOPLE INSIDE CITY HALL THAT NEED TO FULFILL THAT DUTY CAN DO IT ROAMLY EASY AND THE PEOPLE OUTSIDE CAN GET A BETTER LOOK AT HOW IT'S GOIN AND WHEN THEY'RE GOING TO GE WHAT THEY NEED

WHAT'S BEEN THE BIGGEST CHALLENGE IN TERMS OF CONVINCING CITIES THAT THEY MIGHT BENEFIT FROM HAVING CODERS SITTING NEX TO THEIR DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT OR PARKING AND TRAFFIC

I DON'T THINK IT'S ALL THAT DIFFICULT TO CONVINCE THEM WE RUN INTO DEDICATED PUBLIC SERVANTS WHO WANT NOTHING MORE THAN TO DO A GREAT JOB HOWEVER, THERE ARE OLD TECHNOLOGY CONTRACTS, OLDE EQUIPMENT, AND IT MAY BE DIFFICULT TO FIGURE OUT HOW DO YOU WORK AROUND THOSE?

OTHER FULL LOWS COME IN AND THEY ARE ABLE TO WORK GENERALLY ACROSS DEPARTMENTS AROUND TH CITY AND DRAW PEOPLE TOGETHE AND MAKE SUGGESTIONS HOW DO YOU TACKLE THE ANALOG INFORMATION STORAGE PROBLEM, THAT IT MIGHT BE SITTING I LITERALLY A FILE CABINET SOMEWHERE AND NOT AS A PDF FILE, NOT AS A SPREADSHEET, BUT FO DECADES, CITY HALL MIGHT HAV KEPT INFORMATION, WHETHER IT'S ABOUT LAND RECORDS OR SU ACKNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS IN AN ARCANE AND PHYSICAL WAY IT MADE SENSE FOR THAT CENTURY BUT HOW DO YOU TURN TH INFORMATION INTO SOMETHING W CAN ACCESS

THAT DATA SHOULD BE ACCEPTABLE TO THE PUBLIC IN AN ONLINE FREE AND MACHINE READABLE WAY.

WE HELP THEM TOWARDS GETTING THERE.

MACHINE READABLE IS THE BEST BECAUSE THEY CAN INTERACT WITH IT AND SHOW IT VIA THE WEBSITE OR SOME OTHER INTERFACE.

PEOPLE HAVE PUG TOGETHER WAYS TO SCRAPE A PDF, BUT IT CAN WORK.

AND THEN IF THERE'S PAPER, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT DOING SCANNING O DOING DATA ENTRY AND THERE ARE WAYS TO DO THOSE THINGS, A WELL THE WORK JUST HAS TO BE PUT IN AND THAT POLICY HAS TO BE SE UP THAT IS ONE THING WE LEARNED I YOU CAN'T JUST COME IN AND MAK SOMETHING AND WE HAVE TO WOR WITH POLICYMAKERS, AS WELL

WERE THERE ANY UNINTENDED AFFECTS THAT WHEN SOME CODER O SOME FELLOW LAUNCHED INTO PROJECT AND THEY DIDN'T REALIZ THAT OPENING UP THIS DATA SE WOULD ALSO MEAN X OR Y WERE THERE ANY EXAMPLES OF THA OVER THE PAST COUPLE OF YEAR THAT YOU'VE SEEN

THERE CERTAINLY HAVE BEEN SOME I THINK THAT, FOR EXAMPLE, W DIDN'T REALIZE ALL THE COMPLEXITIES OF DEALING WITH HIPPA WHEN DEALING WITH PROJECT IN LONG BEACH THIS YEAR.

A PROJECT THAT SEEMS LIKE IT SHOULD BE QUICK IS TAKING A LONG TIME TO GO THROUGH ALL THE REQUIRED STEPS BUT THAT'S OKAY.

IT DIDN'T RELEASE AN INAPPROPRIATE OR PRIVATE INFORMATION.

ONCE WE SHOWED THIS WA SOMETHING OF VALUE, WE'R WORKING TOWARDS THAT

WHAT'S NEXT FOR CODE FO AMERICA?

WHERE DO YOU GO?

WHAT WE'RE DOING REALLY NOW IS BUILDING ON WHAT WE HAV LEARNED.

SO BEYOND THAT THOSE ARE COMMUNITIES GROUPS WHERE PEOPL CAN RAISE THEIR HANDS AND, B THE WAY, IF YOU'RE INTERESTED AT ALL IN THE CODE FOR AMERICA.ORG, THERE'S LOTS OF INFORMATIO ABOUT THAT

AND HOW MANY CITIES ARE YOU IN NOW

10 IN 2014 AND EIGHT IN 2015.

AND THE COMMUNITY GROUPS ARE IN, I BELIEVE, 60 AROUND THE CUP AND THE WORLD.

ASK

AND SO WHAT'S THE DIFFERENT WHAT DOES A COMMUNITY GROUP DO

THEY DO SIMILAR ACTIVITIE WORKING WITH CITIES TO OPEN DATA AND BUILD BETTER APPLICATION AND DEPLOY SOME OF THE GOOD ONES THAT ARE OUT THERE BUT THEY DO IT ON EVENING AN THEY MEET ONCE OR TWICE A MONTH, USUALLY IN CITY HALL, A GREA WAY TO MEET SOME PEOPLE.

ALL RIGHT SID HAROLD, THANK YOU SO MUC FOR YOUR TIME.

THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR HAVING ME.

YOU KNOW WITHIN ONCE YOU OPEN YOUR CHEESE AND IT SITS AROUND FOR A LITTLE WHILE IN TH REFRIGERATOR, YOU'RE GOING T INSIDE 2 MOLD GROWING IN THERE THAT MOLD HAS ALWAYS BEEN IN THERE.

CHEESE HAS ITS OWN MICROBIOLOGY.

IT HAS ITS OWN MICROBIOTA.

THE CHEESE WILL DRY OUT AND SO PEOPLE HAVE BEEN PUTTING THE RIND ON CHEESE FOR A LONG TIME IF YOU LOOK AT THIS PARTICULAR CHEESE, THIS CHEESE HAS A WA RIND WE STILL SEE THAT ON SOM CHEESES.

BUT WE PUT A RIND ON CHEESE FO OTHER REASONS AND I HAVE ONE HERE, AN INTERESTING CHEESE, CAJUN CHEDDAR.

HOW DID THEY FLAVOR THIS THEY RUBBED ON THE SURFACE THE RIND OF THE CHEESE YOU MAY BUY CHEESE LIKE THIS THAT'S FLAVORED.

THE COMPONENTS OF THIS SATURAT INTO THE CHEESE AND GIVE IT IT CHEESE FLAVOR.

THERE ARE OTHER CHEESES LIKE THIS CHEESE WHICH HAS A MOLD COLONY THAT GOES INSIDE AND TH MOLD GROWS ON THE SERVICE AN HAS THAT HARD RIND THAT MIGHT NOT LOOK APPEALING TO SOME, BUT TO OTHERS, PEOPLE FIND IT SATISFYING WITH CERTAIN TYPES OF CHEESE.

AND THAT IS COMMON WITH CHEESE YOU MIGHT WELL KNOW .THAT'S BRIE CHEESE AND CANDER CHEESE WHERE THE RIND ON THE CHEESE IS MOLD GROWING ON THE SERVICE OF THIS CHEESE THAT PRODUCES THE FLAVO COMPOUNDS.

SO THERE ARE A LOT OF REASON WHY CHEESES HAVE RINDS AND SOME OF THEM ARE FOR FLAVOR, SOME ARE TO PREVENT DRYING SOME ARE TO ENHANCE THE INTERNAL ASPECTS OF THE CHEESE FLAVOR AND SOME, JUST LIKE THIS THAT WE SEE MOST OFTEN IN THE SUPER MARKET ARE TO PREVENT THE CHEESE FROM TRYING AND TO PREVENT MOLD FRO GROWING ON THE SURFACE

ACROSS THE COUNTRY, THE CHALLENGE OF MAINTAINING AND SECURING WATER SUPPLIES HA EXPERTS FOCUSING ON WAYS T ENSURE THE AVAILABILITY OF THE VITAL RESOURCE IN THIS SEGMENT, WE TAKE A LOO AT ONE STATE'S EFFORTS TO SECURE THE FUTURE OF ITS WATER SYSTEM

WART IS ONE OF THE MOST CRITICAL RESOURCES WE HAVE I THE WESTERN U.S.

IF WE DON'T TAKE A CAREFUL LOO AT IT NOW WITH THE POPULATIO GROWTH THAT WE EXPECT FOR TH FUTURE, WE'LL GET INTO A POSITION WHERE WE MIGHT NOT HAVE THE WATER QUALITY AND QUANTITY THAT WE NEED FOR THE FUTURE.

UTAH HAS THE GREATEST SNOW ON EITHER EVERY WINTER, WE ENJOY SKIING ON IT AND WHEN IT MELTS WE DEPEND ON IT TO ROLL DOWN THE HILL SO WE CAN DRINK IT.

FOR THE NEXT 10 TO 15 YEARS, THE CLIMATE INDICATES WARMING OF OUR ATMOSPHERE THE MOTOR WATER IN THE ATMOSPHERE, WE WOULD EXPECT MORE PRECIPITATION.

HOWEVER, THE FORM OF THA PRECIPITATION COULD BE SWITCHING OVER AN INCREASED AMOUNT OF RAIN AND A DECREASED AMOUNT OF SNOW THAT WOULD LEAD TO MOR EVAPORATION AND LESS WATER AVAILABLE TO US.

WATER IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT REMEMBER SOURCES W HAVE HERE IN AMERICA WE DON'T WANT TO LOOK BACK AND SAY I WISH WE HAD THESE NUMBER AND INFORMATION 20, 30 YEARS AGO.

THE LARGE PROJECT THAT I LIKE TO TELL PEOPLE WAS MADE TO INVEST IN THE CAPACITY IN TH STATE OF UTAH TO DO SCIENCE ON WATER.

RESEARCH FOCAL AREA ONE I ASSESSING THE WATER SUPPLY ACROSS THIS MONTAIN THROUG INGREDIENT THAT WE'RE SEEING I OUR STATE AND THE WATER QUALITY.

AS WATER RESOURCES COME AND MELT EARLIER IN THE SEASON, WE'RE STILL TRYING TO UNDERSTAND HOW TO CAPTURE THAT WATER.

AND MAKE SURE THAT WE HAVE I AVAILABLE TO OUR YOUTH

I HELP LEAD THE SOCIAL AN ENGINEERING SCIENCES RESEARC FOCUS AREA I AM VERY INTERESTED IN HUMA ASPECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS, AND SO I WORKED FOR A LONG TIME ON ISSUES ABOU AGRICULTURAL THESE DAYS, I'M LOOKING AT A WHOLE WATER SYSTEM THAT INVOLVES ALL THE DIFFERENT WATER USERS IN COMMUNITIES.

IT'S MUCH MORE THAN JUST A URBAN PUZZLE FOR UTAH.

MOST OF THE WATER IS STILL USED, FOR EXAMPLE, IN AGRICULTURE.

I'M IN RESEARCH FOCUSED ARE THREE, WHICH IS COUPLED AN NATURAL HUMAN SENSOR I LOOK AT HUMANS' NEEDS FO WATER SYSTEMS AND I ALSO LOOK AT ECOLOGICAL NEEDS I WOULD SAY THAT'S NEW BECAUSE OFTEN RESEARCH LOOKS AT EITHER ECOSYSTEMS OR PEOPLE AND I DOESN'T LINK THEM TOGETHER VER WELL BUT OUR REAL WORLD, WE LINK THEM TOGETHER EVERY DAY

I USE A STRUCTURED IN A WAY THAT'S DESIGNED TO TRY T PROMOTE COLLABORATION AMON DIFFERENT KINDS OF RESEARCHERS AND ALSO TO PROMOTE THE INCIDENT GRAGZS OF RESEARCH WITH ALL TH REST OF WHAT WE'RE ABOUT HERE, WHICH IS TRAINING THE FUTURE WORKFORCE AND SCIENTIST.

WE'VE ALREADY LEARNED A HUG AMOUNT ABOUT WATER TO TH PROJECT AND HOW MUCH OF IT COMES INTO THE SYSTEM, HOW I EVENTUALLY GETS USED AND SO THE WAY I SEE IT, AS LONG AS WE CONTINUE OUR CAREFUL STUDY OF WATER AND WE MAKE SOUND DECISIONS ABOUT WATER OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL B DECADES, WE'L HAVE A FURCHL WITH AN AMPL SUPPLY

AND THAT WRAPS IT UP FOR THIS TIME FOR MORE ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOG AND INNOVATION, VISIT OU WEBSITE.

YOU CAN CHECK US OUT ON FACEBOOK AND JOIN THE CONVERSATION ON TWITTER.

UNTIL NEXT TIME, THANKS FO WATCHING

> FUNDING AUTHOR THIS PROGRA WAS MADE POSSIBLE BY CONTRIBUTIONS TO THIS STATION.